Facts about Mammoths, an extinct prehistoric animal

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Dinosaur Jungle   >   Other Prehistoric Animals   >   Mammoths

Mammoths



Mammuthus primigenius
Click here for more Mammoth Pictures

Scientific Classification
  Kingdom Animalia
  Phylum Chordata
  Class Mammalia
  Order Proboscidea
  Family Elephantidae
  Genus Mammuthus
Mammoths were a genus of herbivores closely related to modern animals. Their were a variety of different species that lived during the Pliocene epoch, from about 4.8 million years ago, until as recently as 3,700 years ago.

There were a number of different species of Mammoths. Some of the better known species are:
  • Probably the best known species of Mammoth is the Tundra Mammoth, Mammuthus primigenius, which is informally known as the "Woolly Mammoth". They were covered in thick shaggy hair, which was upper to 3 feet (1 meter) long, a wool-like undercoat, and 3 inch (8 centimeter) layer of fat under the skin all of which helped to protect them from the cold environments. These mammoths lived in northern North America, Europe and Asia, and the last surving population is believed to have survived until 1700 BCE in Wrangel Island, Russia.

  • The Steppe Mammoth, Mammuthus trogontherii lived in steppe and tundra areas of Eurasia between about 600,000 and 370,000 years ago. It stood 15 feet (4.7 meters) tall at the shoulder and had spiral shaped tusks. It is believed to have been ancestral to, and eventually have been displaced by, Mammuthus primigenius, the Woolly Mammoth.

  • The Imperial Mammoth, Mammuthus imperator, lived in California and New Mexico, between about 4.6 million and 17,000 years ago. The Imperial Mammoth's tusk was one of the larger Mammoths, and is not believed to have had a thick fur coat. It is recognizable by the fact that its tusks curve to overlap.

    Mammuthus imperator
    Click here for more Mammoth Pictures

Mammoths Timeline:



Mammoths were herbivorous (plant-eating) mammals that lived between 4.8 million and 3,700 years ago

Mammoths were herbivorous (plant-eating) mammals that lived between 4.8 million and 3,700 years ago


Related Information & Resources


See Also

Mammoth Books


Here are some books from Amazon.com:

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Mammoth
By Jill Baguchinsky

Turner
Released: 2018-11-06
Paperback (304 pages)

Mammoth
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The summer before her junior year, paleontology geek Natalie Page lands a coveted internship at an Ice Age dig site near Austin, Texas. Natalie, who’s also a plus-size fashion blogger, depends on the retro style and persona she developed to shield herself from her former bullies, but vintage dresses and designer heels aren’t compatible with digging for fossils.

But nothing is going to dampen her spirit. She’s exactly where she wants to be, and gets to work with her hero, the host of the most popular paleontology podcast in the world. And then there’s Chase, the intern, who’s seriously cute, and Cody, a local boy who’d be even cuter if he were less of a grouch.

It’s a summer that promises to be about more than just mammoths.

Until it isn’t.

When Natalie’s paleontologist hero turns out to be anything but, and steals the credit for one of her accomplishments, she has to unearth the confidence she needs to stand out in a field dominated by men. To do this, she’ll have to let her true self shine, even if that means defying the rules and risking her life for the sake of a major discovery. While sifting through dirt, she finds more than fossils―she finds out that she is truly awesome.

How to Wash a Woolly Mammoth: A Picture Book
By Michelle Robinson

Henry Holt and Co. (BYR)
Released: 2014-01-21
Hardcover (32 pages)

How to Wash a Woolly Mammoth: A Picture Book
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Product Description:

Things can get a bit messy when you try to wash a woolly mammoth. Follow this step-by-step guide to successfully clean up your hairy friend. Be forewarned! A mammoth's tummy is terribly tickly.

Young readers and parents alike will appreciate this hilarious bath time adventure.

The Mammoth Hunters (with Bonus Content): Earth's Children, Book Three
By Jean M. Auel

Bantam
Released: 2010-10-06
Kindle Edition (753 pages)

The Mammoth Hunters (with Bonus Content): Earth s Children, Book Three
 
Product Description:
Set in the challenging terrain of Ice Age Europe that millions of Jean Auel’s readers have come to treasure, The Mammoth Hunters is an epic novel of love, knowledge, jealousy, and hard choices—a novel certain to garner Jean Auel even greater acclaim as a master storyteller of the dawn of humanity.

Ayla, the independent heroine of The Clan of the Cave Bear and The Valley of Horses, sets out from the valley on Whinney, the horse she tamed. With her is Jondalar, the tall, handsome, yellow-haired man she nursed back to health and came to love. Together they meet the Mamutoi—the Mammoth Hunters—people like Ayla. But to Ayla, who was raised by the Clan of the Cave Bear, they are “the Others.” She approaches them with mixed feelings of fear and curiosity.

Talut, a powerful bear of a man with bright red hair, a booming laugh, and a gentle heart, and his tall, dark-haired sister, Tulie, are the leaders of the Lion Camp of the Mamutoi. It is here that Ayla finds her first women friends, but some among the Mamutoi dislike Ayla because she was raised by “flatheads,” their name for the people of the Clan. Ayla is haunted by her memories of the Clan because Rydag, a child of mixed parentage living with the Mamutoi, bears so strong a resemblance to her own son, Durc.

It is the Mamutoi master carver of ivory—dark-skinned Ranec, flirtatious, artistic, magnetic—who fascinates Ayla. She finds herself drawn to him. Because of her uncanny control over animals, her healing skills, and the magic firestone she discovered, Ayla is adopted into the Mammoth Hearth by Mamut, the ancient shaman of the Great Earth Mother.

Ayla finds herself torn between her strong feelings for Ranec and her powerful love for the wildly jealous and unsure Jondalar. It is not until after the great mammoth hunt, when Ayla’s life is threatened, that a fateful decision is made.

This eBook includes the full text of the novel plus the following additional content:
• An Earth’s Children® series sampler including free chapters from the other books in Jean M. Auel’s bestselling series
• A Q&A with the author about the Earth’s Children® series
Mammoth Grid 2019 Wall Calendar
By Zebra Publishing

Zebra Publishing
Released: 2018-08-01
Spiral-bound (24 pages)

Mammoth Grid 2019 Wall Calendar
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Product Description:
Need a lot of space to keep track of a hectic schedule? The Mammoth Grid 2019 is the biggest grid calendar available! Carpools, sports schedules, meetings, birthdays, appointments the Mammoth Grid has room for it all! Each grid box is 3 inches wide and 5 1/2 inches long, providing enough writing space for the busiest home or office. Great in any environment that uses a shared calendar: a classroom, fitness club, workplace, you name it. Visually bright, colorful, and easy to read, features include extra space for writing notes each month, international holidays, moon phases. There are sections inside the cover to record emergency contact information and birthdays/anniversaries as well as a full-page 3-year at-a-glance. The wire-o binding provides extra support for this humongous calendar. 22 x 17 inches (opens to 22 inches wide and 34 inches long). Earth friendly, printed with soya-based inks on FSC certified paper.
Mammoths: Giants of the Ice Age
By Adrian Lister

Chartwell Books
Hardcover (192 pages)

Mammoths: Giants of the Ice Age
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A dazzling visual record of one of Earth's most extraordinary species, this updated and revised edition of Mammoths: Giants of the Ice Age integrates exciting new research to piece together the story of mammoths, mastodons, and their relatives, icons of the Ice Age. Incorporating recent genetic work, new fossil finds, new extinction theories, and more, Mammoths is a captivating exploration of how these mighty creatures evolved, lived, and mysteriously disappeared. The book features a wealth of color illustrations that depict mammoths in their dramatic Ice Age habitats, scores of photographs of mammoth remains, and images of the art of prehistoric people who saw these animals in the flesh. Have you ever wondered what a Mammoth would look like in real life? Find out what a Mammoth would look like today and so much more in Mammoths.

Full of intriguing facts, boxed features, and clear graphics, Mammoths examines the findings, including intact frozen carcasses from Siberia and fossilized remains from South Dakota, California, England, France, and elsewhere that have provided clues to the mammoths' geographic range, body structure, way of life, and interactions with early humans. It is an enthralling story of paleontological, archaeological, and geological exploration and of the fascinating investigations of biologists, anthropologists, and art historians worldwide.

Math Mammoth Grade 1-A Worktext
By Maria Miller

Math Mammoth
Paperback (148 pages)

Math Mammoth Grade 1-A Worktext
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Product Description:

Math Mammoth Grade 1-A (Light Blue Series) student worktext teaches the concepts of addition, subtraction, and place value with two-digit numbers. It is meant for the first half of grade 1. This student worktext contains both the necessary instruction and the problems & exercises (the 'text' & and the 'work'; thus a "worktext"), and is fairly self-teaching. The curriculum is aligned to the Common Core standards. This is the full-color version; in other words, the inside pages are in full color. Please note this is a student worktext and does not contain answers.

How to Clone a Mammoth: The Science of De-Extinction
By Beth Shapiro

imusti
Paperback (240 pages)

How to Clone a Mammoth: The Science of De-Extinction
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  • Princeton University Press
Product Description:

Could extinct species, like mammoths and passenger pigeons, be brought back to life? The science says yes. In How to Clone a Mammoth, Beth Shapiro, evolutionary biologist and pioneer in "ancient DNA" research, walks readers through the astonishing and controversial process of de-extinction. From deciding which species should be restored, to sequencing their genomes, to anticipating how revived populations might be overseen in the wild, Shapiro vividly explores the extraordinary cutting-edge science that is being used--today--to resurrect the past. Journeying to far-flung Siberian locales in search of ice age bones and delving into her own research--as well as those of fellow experts such as Svante Paabo, George Church, and Craig Venter--Shapiro considers de-extinction's practical benefits and ethical challenges. Would de-extinction change the way we live? Is this really cloning? What are the costs and risks? And what is the ultimate goal?


Using DNA collected from remains as a genetic blueprint, scientists aim to engineer extinct traits--traits that evolved by natural selection over thousands of years--into living organisms. But rather than viewing de-extinction as a way to restore one particular species, Shapiro argues that the overarching goal should be the revitalization and stabilization of contemporary ecosystems. For example, elephants with genes modified to express mammoth traits could expand into the Arctic, re-establishing lost productivity to the tundra ecosystem.


Looking at the very real and compelling science behind an idea once seen as science fiction, How to Clone a Mammoth demonstrates how de-extinction will redefine conservation's future.

Math Mammoth Grade 5-B Worktext
By Maria Miller

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (204 pages)

Math Mammoth Grade 5-B Worktext
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Math Mammoth Grade 5-B is the student worktext for the second half of grade 5 mathematics studies, as part of the Math Mammoth Grade 5 curriculum. It covers graphing and statistics, addition and subtraction of fractions, multiplication and division of fractions, and fifth grade geometry topics.

 

This particular book is the version with gray-scale (or black-and-white) interior pages.

Note: this is the 2018 edition, where chapter 8 (geometry) has been revised.

Math Mammoth Grade 3-A Worktext
By Maria Miller

Math Mammoth
Paperback (186 pages)
Windows

Math Mammoth Grade 3-A Worktext
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  • Complete curriculum for grades 1-6
Product Description:

Math Mammoth Grade 3-A is the student worktext for the first half of grade 3 mathematics studies, as part of the Math Mammoth Grade 3 curriculum. It covers addition and subtraction topics, the multiplication concept, multiplication tables, clock, and money.

Please note that this particular book has grayscale (or black-and-white) interior pages.

Discovering the Mammoth: A Tale of Giants, Unicorns, Ivory, and the Birth of a New Science
By John J. McKay

PEGASUS
Released: 2017-08-08
Hardcover (264 pages)

Discovering the Mammoth: A Tale of Giants, Unicorns, Ivory, and the Birth of a New Science
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  • PEGASUS
Product Description:

The fascinating saga of solving the mystery of this ancient animal who once roamed the north country―and has captivated our collective imagination ever since.

Today, we know that a mammoth is an extinct type of elephant that was covered with long fur and lived in the north country during the ice ages. But how do you figure out what a mammoth is if you have no concept of extinction, ice ages, or fossils? Long after the last mammoth died and was no longer part of the human diet, it still played a role in human life. Cultures around the world interpreted the remains of mammoths through the lens of their own worldview and mythology.

When the ancient Greeks saw deposits of giant fossils, they knew they had discovered the battle fields where the gods had vanquished the Titans. When the Chinese discovered buried ivory, they knew they had found dragons’ teeth. But as the Age of Reason dawned, monsters and giants gave way to the scientific method. Yet the mystery of these mighty bones remained. How did Enlightenment thinkers overcome centuries of myth and misunderstanding to reconstruct an unknown animal?

The journey to unravel that puzzle begins in the 1690s with the arrival of new type of ivory on the European market bearing the exotic name "mammoth." It ends during the Napoleonic Wars with the first recovery of a frozen mammoth. The path to figuring out the mammoth was traveled by merchants, diplomats, missionaries, cranky doctors, collectors of natural wonders, Swedish POWs, Peter the Great, Ben Franklin, the inventor of hot chocolate, and even one pirate.

McKay brings together dozens of original documents and illustrations, some ignored for centuries, to show how this odd assortment of characters solved the mystery of the mammoth and, in doing so, created the science of paleontology. 8 pages of color illustrations


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