Saurolophus Dinosaur Facts

Dinosaur Jungle



Dinosaur Books



Dinosaur Clothing



Dinosaur Crosswords



Dinosaur Facts
   Amazing Dinosaurs
   Classification
      Ornithischia
         Ankylosaurs
         Ceratopsians
         Marginocephalia
         Ornithopods
         Pachycephalosaurs
         Stegosaurs
      Saurischia
         Prosauropods
         Sauropods
         Theropods
   Definition
   Diet
   Eggs
   Extinction
   Family Tree
   Fossils
         Footprints
   Life Span
   Living Dinosaurs?
   Myths
   Timeline
      Triassic Period
      Jurassic Period
      Cretaceous Period
   World
      African Dinosaurs
      Antarctic Dinosaurs
      Asian Dinosaurs
      Australian Dinosaurs
      European Dinosaurs
      Indian Dinosaurs
      N. American Dinosaurs
      S. American Dinosaurs



Dinosaur Fun



Dinosaur Games



Dinosaur Jokes



Dinosaur Museums
   Australia Dinosaur Museums
   Canada Dinosaur Museums
   UK Dinosaur Museums
   USA Dinosaur Museums



Dinosaur Names



Dinosaur Pictures



Dinosaur Scientists
   Charles Darwin
   Mary Anning
   Sir Richard Owen
   More Dinosaur Scientists



Dinosaur Software



Dinosaur Types
   Allosaurus
   Ankylosaurus
   Apatosaurus
   Baryonyx
   Brachiosaurus
   Centrosaurus
   Ceratosaurus
   Coelophysis
   Deinonychus
   Dilophosaurus
   Diplodocus
   Euoplocephalus
   Iguanodon
   Kentrosaurus
   Lambeosaurus
   Maiasaura
   Megalosaurus
   Microraptor
   Monoclonius
   Pachycephalosaurus
   Parasaurolophus
   Pentaceratops
   Protoceratops
   Saltopus
   Saurolophus
   Seismosaurus
   Spinosaurus
   Stegosaurus
   Styracosaurus
   Supersaurus
   Triceratops
   Tyrannosaurus Rex
   Velociraptor
   More Dinosaur Types



Dinosaur Toys



Dinosaur Video Games



Dinosaur Videos



Dinosaur Word Search



Other Prehistoric Animals
   Aetosaurs
   Ambulocetus
   Ammonites
   Andrewsarchus
   Archaeopteryx
   Basilosaurus
   Belemnites
   Brontotheres
   Chalicotheres
   Champsosaurs
   Coelacanth
   Cynodonts
   Dicynodonts
   Dimetrodon
   Gastornis
   Glyptodonts
   Gorgonopsians
   Hesperornis
   Hyracotherium
   Ichthyosaurs
   Mammal-like Reptiles
   Mammoths
   Mastodons
   Megaloceros
   Megalodon
   Meganeura Monyi
   Megatherium
   Mosasaurs
   Moschops
   Pakicetus
   Paraceratherium
   Phorusrhacids
   Placoderms
   Plesiosaurs
   Pliosaurs
   Pterosaurs
   Sea Scorpions
   Smilodon
   Spiny Sharks
   Tiktaalik
   Titanoboa
   Trilobites
   More Prehistoric Animals


Ads



Dinosaur Links
   Dinosaur Coloring
   Dinosaur Hangman
   Dinosaurs News
   Dinosaurs Parks

Education - Math Downloads
   Fun With Figures
   Making Math More Fun
   Math Bingo
   Math Riddle Book
   Download Math eBooks

Education - Reading Downloads
   Child Learning Reading
   Dolch Sight Words
   Phonics Bingo
   Robot Reading Games
   Sight Word Bingo

Education - Science Downloads
   24 Hour Science Projects
   Super Science Fair Projects
   Download Science eBooks


 
   
Dinosaur Jungle   >   Dinosaur Names   >   Saurolophus
Dinosaur Jungle   >   Dinosaur Types   >   Saurolophus

Saurolophus



dinosaur picture saurolophus

Click here for more Saurolophus Pictures


Scientific Classification
  Kingdom Animalia
  Phylum Chordata
  Class Sauropsida
  Superorder Dinosauria
  Order Ornithischia
  Suborder Cerapoda
  Infraorder Ornithopoda
  Parvorder Iguanodontia
  Superfamily Hadrosauroidea
  Family Hadrosauridae
  Subfamily Hadrosaurinae
  Tribe Saurolophini
  Genus Saurolophus
Saurolophus was a herbivore (plant-eater) that lived in North America and Asia, during the late Cretaceous period, about 74 to 70 million years ago. It is named for the crest on its head: Saurolophus means "crested lizard", and was first described by Barnum Brown in 1912.

North American examples were about 30 feet (9.1 meters) long, whereas in Asia, it grew up to 39 feet (11.9 meters).

Like other duckbilled dinosaurs, Saurolophus is believed to have lived in herds. The crest on its head was hollow, and connected to the nasal passages, and thus could have been used to make sounds. Saurolophus could use these sounds to communicate within its herds, for example to warn of approaching predators.


Saurolophus Timeline:



Saurolophus was a herbivore (plant-eater) that lived from 74 to 70 million years ago

Saurolophus was a herbivore (plant-eater) that lived from 74 to 70 million years ago

Related Information & Resources


See Also

Saurolophus Facts

 
Here is a summary of some of the key facts about Saurolophus:
  1. Saurolophus was a genus of dinosaur.

  2. "Saurolophus" means "crested lizard". This name was chosen by Barnum Brown in 1912.

  3. Saurolophus was a member of the Ornithischia ("bird-hipped") order of dinosaurs. What this means, is that although Saurolophus was not closely related to birds, it did have similarly shaped pelvic bones.

  4. Saurolophus was a Hadrosaur (usually known as "duck-billed dinosaur") - a member of a group of related herbivorous (plant-eating) dinosaurs that were very successful in the Cretaceous period.

  5. Saurolophus lived between about 74 million years ago and 70 million years ago, during the late Cretaceous period.

  6. Saurolophus lived in North America and Asia.

  7. Saurolophus was a herbivore (plant-eater).

  8. North American species of Saurolophus were about 30 feet (9.1 meters) long, whereas Asian species were about 39 feet (11.9 meters) long.

  9. Saurolophus weighed about 2 tons.


24 Hour Science Projects


Saurolophus Books


Here are some books from Amazon.com:

Disclosure: Products details and descriptions provided by Amazon.com. Our company may receive a payment if you purchase products from them after following a link from this website.

Edmontosaurus and Other Duckbilled Dinosaurs: The Need-to-Know Facts (Dinosaur Fact Dig)
By Rebecca Rissman

Capstone Press
Paperback (32 pages)

Edmontosaurus and Other Duckbilled Dinosaurs: The Need-to-Know Facts (Dinosaur Fact Dig)
List Price: $7.95*
Lowest New Price: $7.84*
Lowest Used Price: $5.77*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 22:28 Pacific 15 Dec 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
Edmontosaurus and other duckbilled dinosaurs had beaks and strong teeth to eat tough plants. Many of these plant-eaters could communicate with other dinosaurs using the crests on their heads. Bold, full-color illustrations, easy-to-read charts and maps, and interesting facts take readers back to a time when these duckbilled dinosaurs walked the earth. This book supports common core standards.
Discovery Kids Dinosaurs Rumble Sound Book (Discovery 10 Button)
By Parragon Books

Parragon Books
Board book (10 pages)

Discovery Kids Dinosaurs Rumble Sound Book (Discovery 10 Button)
List Price: $12.99*
Lowest New Price: $26.97*
Lowest Used Price: $1.11*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 22:28 Pacific 15 Dec 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
With 10 cool sound buttons, fun facts, full-color pictures and much more, this Discovery Kids sound-and-reference book is a unique way for kids to learn about life on the farm! Kids ages 2 and up will love matching the sounds to the animals in this vibrant and interactive book.

Other great titles in this series include:
* Oink on the Farm! 9781472361073
* Growl with the Animals 9781472361080
Notebook: Dinosaur Pattern In Purple , Journal for Writing, Size 6" x 9", 164 Pages
By Dinosaurn Notebook

Independently published
Paperback (164 pages)

Notebook: Dinosaur Pattern In Purple , Journal for Writing, Size 6" x 9", 164 Pages
List Price: $14.95*
Lowest New Price: $14.95*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 22:28 Pacific 15 Dec 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
Color Paperback. Size: 6 inches x 9 inches. 82 sheets (164 pages for writing). Dinosaur Pattern In Purple. 156880515737
The skeleton of Saurolophus, a crested duck-billed dinosaur from the Edmonton Cretaceous (Bulletin / American Museum of Natural History)
By Barnum Brown

Published by order of the Trustees, American Museum of Natural History
Unknown Binding
 


Saurolophus Toys


Here are some toys/games from Amazon.com:

Disclosure: Products details and descriptions provided by Amazon.com. Our company may receive a payment if you purchase products from them after following a link from this website.

X J Toys 200001 Saurolophus Dinosaur Plush Toy, 30 cm
X J Toys
Toy

X J Toys 200001 Saurolophus Dinosaur Plush Toy, 30 cm
Lowest New Price: $5.99*
Usually ships in 3-4 business days*
*(As of 22:28 Pacific 15 Dec 2019 More Info)


Click Here
  • Cute, cuddly, colourful, and soft Saurolophus Dinosaur
  • NOT SUITABLE for children under 3 years old
Product Description:
Cute, cuddly and soft.Plush Saurolophus. Not suitable for children under 3 years. Surface washable only. CE Marked.
National Geographic Magazine Cover Puzzle: The Mongolian Saurolophus Dinosaur: Vol. 183, No. 1, January 1993 by Parker Brothers by Parker Brothers
Parker Brothers
Toy

National Geographic Magazine Cover Puzzle: The Mongolian Saurolophus Dinosaur: Vol. 183, No. 1, January 1993 by Parker Brothers by Parker Brothers
Lowest New Price: $13.95*
Usually ships in 1-2 business days*
*(As of 22:28 Pacific 15 Dec 2019 More Info)


Click Here
  • National Geographic Society Magazine Cover Puzzle
  • Finished Size 19-1/2 x 28-1/4 Poster Size
Product Description:
Part of the National Geographic Society Magazine Cover Puzzle series.
LC JoyCre Hatching Dinosaur Egg Action Figure Model Saurolophus Figurine Cake Topper Room Decoration Science Kits Toys for Kid Boys Girls 5 6 7 8 Years Old
LC JoyCre
Toy

LC JoyCre Hatching Dinosaur Egg Action Figure Model Saurolophus Figurine Cake Topper Room Decoration Science Kits Toys for Kid Boys Girls 5 6 7 8 Years Old
Lowest New Price: $12.99*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 22:28 Pacific 15 Dec 2019 More Info)


Click Here
  • Durability : Made of high quality PVC material, friendly to environment ,non-toxic, Safe for children. Do not worry it will damage or fade easily. decoration your bedroom or living room is perfect.
  • This Dinosaur Hatching From Egg is made of high quality design resin, individually handpainted and polished. Because each piece is partially hand crafted, color tone may vary from pictures.
  • PERFECT AS STOCKING STUFFERS: party favors, birthday party games, educational purposes, party decoration, party favors, handouts or rewards. Ideal party favor or gift for a dinosaur themed birthday party.
Product Description:
About the dinosaur eggs series:

Dinosaurs are always children's favorite toys. They can also learn dinosaur qualities such as courage, intelligence and loyalty.

We launch the dinosaur eggs series in order to enrich kids dinosaur collection.You can educate them to recognize the dinosaur or just let them been a kind of room decoration.

If you are a dinosaur fans, Congratulations! That must be one of your most special dinosaur collections

Name:Dinosaur Egg
Weight:About 120g
Size:About 3.85" tall, 2.95" wide
Dinosaur # 2 - Saurolophus: A Ten Little Dinosaurs Finger Puppet
By LLC Andrews McMeel Publishing

Accord, a division of Andrews McMeel Publishing
Paperback

Dinosaur # 2 - Saurolophus: A Ten Little Dinosaurs Finger Puppet
 
Product Description:
From the multiple award winning Ten Little Dinosaurs gift set. The numbers 1 thru 10, stitched on each Dinosaur, make the "dinosaur count-down" a hit - No bones about it!
Zooawa Parasaurolophus Dinosaur Figure Toy - Green
Zooawa
M - Parasaurolophus (Green) Toy

Zooawa Parasaurolophus Dinosaur Figure Toy - Green
Lowest New Price: $14.99*
*(As of 22:28 Pacific 15 Dec 2019 More Info)


Click Here
  • PARASAUROLOPHUS DINOSAUR - Parasaurolophus is also known as the deputy dragon, meaning "almost a crowned lizard", which is a genus of the duck-billed dragon family and they lived in the North America in the Late Cretaceous about 76 million years to 73 million years ago. The Parasaurolophus is a herbivorous dinosaur that can walk from two to four feet.
  • DURABILITY - Made of high quality PVC; solid, rugged, heavy duty and drop-resistant. Ideal collectible dinosaur models for collectors.
  • NOTE - Small parts include, NOT for children under 3 years old.
Product Description:
Zooawa Parasaurolophus Dinosaur Action Figure Toy for Kids

Features:

1. Living features, amazing details
2. Heavy, solid and durable
3. Ideal for kids and dinosaur figure collectors

Specifications:

Item Dimension: 7.48 x 3.15 x 2.36 Inch
Item Weight: 3.85 Oz

Note:
Small Parts Include. NOT for children under 3 years old.
KELIWOW Dinosaur Toys Figures 8 Inch Parasaurolophus
KELIWOW
8" Parasaurolophus Toy

KELIWOW Dinosaur Toys Figures 8 Inch Parasaurolophus
List Price: $27.99*
Lowest New Price: $13.99*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 22:28 Pacific 15 Dec 2019 More Info)


Click Here
  • REALISTIC DETAILS: Hand sculptured and painted very realistically, looks like it could walk away any second!
  • EDUCATIONAL: Inspire kids imagination on dinosaurs, like what they eat, how they lived etc.
  • GOOD GIFTS: Packed with exquisite box, can be great gifts for kids on Christmas and New Year.
Product Description:
Features:

No frills no lights no sounds, just a dinosaur.
It inspires your interests and imagination towards biology, history, sciences etc and takes grownups back to the young times.
The texture of a bit rubberized skin adds to the realism and makes it won't slip from your fingers even when wet.
Item size: 7.5*1.8*3.1 inch (19*4.5*8 cm)
Package size: 7.9*3.9*4.9 inch (20*10*12.5 cm)

Notice:
Supervision is necessary for first time's play or for people under 18 years old..

Package included:
1 x 8 Inch Parasaurolophus Figurine
Geminismart Famous in-Home Learning Brand Jurassic World Park Dinosaurs Early Science Education and Collectible Action Figures Toys as Gifts for Kids Children(J-Brown Parasaurolophus)
Geminismart
J-brown Parasaurus Toy

Geminismart Famous in-Home Learning Brand Jurassic World Park Dinosaurs Early Science Education and Collectible Action Figures Toys as Gifts for Kids Children(J-Brown Parasaurolophus)
Lowest New Price: $6.99*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 22:28 Pacific 15 Dec 2019 More Info)


Click Here
  • 【Parasaurolophus】It is also known as the deputy dragon, meaning "almost a crowned lizard", which is a genus of the duck-billed dragon family and they lived in the North America in the Late Cretaceous about 76 million years to 73 million years ago. The Parasaurolophus is a herbivorous dinosaur that can walk with two feets or four feets
  • 【Develops Dexterity and Sparks the Imagination】We encourage your kids to use their imagination to create their own magical kingdom. The toys will help to develop their skills while enjoying hours of imaginative play in great planet's history.
  • 【Beautifully Finished and Durable】This figure is beautifully finished and the extreme attention to detail is universally recognized. This figure is made of a very high quality plastic, ASTM/EN71/CPSIA/CE approved. its measures approximately 7.48 inches length; Suitable for ages: 3 plus Years.Use by children under 8 should be supervised by adult.
Product Description:
★Parasaurolophus(meaning "near crested lizard") is the crest on its head.Some believed it was a snorkel for when the animal was in water, others felt that it was used in combat.
We now know that it serves for display and for communication, allowing the animals to remain in contact over distance.

★Geminismart is an educational brand. the geminismart ideal is from the boss's twin sons. we hope to bring all good quality educational products to kids from all around the world.
Please feel free to use our products. They are safe. They were strictly produced on the basis of safety standards.
The diversity of our products and the interaction of different worlds also stimulate the creativity and imagination of children of all ages.
Baker Ross Dinosaur Stencil Set for Arts and Crafts - Novelty Toys for Kids, Perfect Party, Loot or Prize Bag Filler (Pack of 6)
Baker Ross
Toy

Baker Ross Dinosaur Stencil Set for Arts and Crafts - Novelty Toys for Kids, Perfect Party, Loot or Prize Bag Filler (Pack of 6)
List Price: $5.95*
Lowest New Price: $5.95*
Usually ships in 1-2 business days*
*(As of 22:28 Pacific 15 Dec 2019 More Info)


Click Here
  • Easy to Use: These fun dinosaur-themed stencils are ideal to use with acrylic or ready mixed paint to decorate books, cards and pictures. Simply wash stencils and reuse.
  • Perfect Size: Easy for little hands and simple for children to use, each stencil measures 5.9 x 5.5 inch.
  • Safety First: All Baker Ross toys and crafts satisfy stringent European Community Safety Laws, and carry the CE mark. Baker Ross caters to a variety of ages and leaves it to customers to assess whether a child is old enough for any particular item.
Product Description:
Mini artists will love how easy it is to paint such cool creations with the Baker Ross Dinosaur Stencils. This fuss-free, fun-packed kit is a way to create the roaringly cool designs! Kids who have a prehistoric passion will be itching to give these handy stencils a try. They will enjoy positioning them on the page and coating with paint, then lifting them free to see the cool image underneath! Decorate with glitter, stickers, or markers, then hang your artwork on the wall in pride...Mix, paint, cover and see! Great for teachers and classroom projects, dinosaur theme parties, and as gifts for dinosaur lovers. Baker Ross was co-founded in 1974 by Patti Baker. It is still a family-owned and family-run business, with innovative ideas that have led them to become one of the leading suppliers of arts & crafts in the UK. Baker Ross items are designed in the UK. Baker Ross' dedicated and hard-working staff is located at an office and warehouse in Harlow, Essex. Baker Ross has been importing and distributing arts and crafts, educational and fundraising products to schools, playgroups, charities etc. in the UK and abroad by mail order since it began, and now supply thousands of different organisations every year. Baker Ross supports ChildLine, Clic Sargent and PDSA by giving a generous lump sum donation.
RECUR Spinosaurus Dinosaur 10.6'' Jurassic Toys Hand-Painted Plastic Dinosaur Toy Figurine Jurassic Dinosaur Action Figures with Teeth for Collectors & Kids Ages 3+
RECUR
Toy

RECUR Spinosaurus Dinosaur 10.6   Jurassic Toys Hand-Painted Plastic Dinosaur Toy Figurine Jurassic Dinosaur Action Figures with Teeth for Collectors & Kids Ages 3+
Lowest New Price: $17.99*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 22:28 Pacific 15 Dec 2019 More Info)


Click Here
  • 【1】SAFE & DURABILITY - Soft PVC material, heavy duty and drop-resistant. ASTM/EN71/CPSIA/CE approved. Non-toxic and soft, kids' safety always comes first.
  • 【3】1:50 HAND PAINT - Exact details make you feel the charm of the Jurassic Period! Exquisite design and hand paint process, make this plastic Saurolophus dinosaur historically realistic.
  • 【5】PORTABLE SIZE & IDEAL GIFT - 10.62*5.83(L*H) inch. Compact and portable, you can take it everywhere you want. Ideal gift for kids and dinosaur collectors.
Product Description:
Want your kids to know more about dinosaur and to enjoy imaginative play?
The Spinosaurus dinosaur toy from Recur is really what you need. With this dinosaur model, you could spend a joyful time with your kids, telling them amazing stories of the past in earth.
Recur seeks to develop children's understanding of nature and life, "Quality, Safety, Love, Nature and Happiness" is our design idea.
Recur has developed 4 series of more than 100 products: Dinosaurs, Wild Animals, Sea Animals and Farm Animals.

Amazing Action Figures for Dinosaur Toys!
10.6'' soft Hand-Painted jurassic dinosaur toys with teeth realistic design animal figure, vivid 1:50 scaled model with exact details make you feel the charm of Jurassic Period

Wonderful Toys,Happy Time!
With this Spinosaurus figure, you could spend a joyful time with your kids .As an edutainment, this dinosaur toy maintains our kids' curiosity and teach them through lively activities.
Ideal for education on prehistoric species, environmental awareness, and natural history.

Great Gift & Collection
Created for the dinosaur lover in us all, these replicas were designed to introduce the fascinating landscapes and creatures of the prehistoric world, feel the charm of Jurassic Period!

Specifications
Name: Spinosaurus
Meaning: Spine lizard
Period:Middle Cretaceous
Replica Size: 10.62*5.83(L*H)in
Scale:1:50

If you have any problem, please feel free to contact us!
Papo The Dinosaur Figure, Pteranodon
Papo
Released: 2018-06-15
Multicolor Toy

Papo The Dinosaur Figure, Pteranodon
List Price: $9.99*
Lowest New Price: $8.00*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 22:28 Pacific 15 Dec 2019 More Info)


Click Here
  • ONE OF THE LARGEST FLYING REPTILE - The Pteranodon is one of the best known Pterosaurs. This flying reptile lived on Earth during the Upper Cretaceous period, 70 million years ago.
  • DEVELOPS DEXTERITY AND SPARKS THE IMAGINATION - We encourage your kids to use their imagination to create their own magical kingdom. This Papo toy will help to develop their skills while enjoying hours of imaginative play in great planet's history.
  • BEAUTIFULLY FINISHED AND DURABLE - This figure is beautifully finished and the extreme attention to detail is universally recognised. This figure is made of a very high quality plastic, its Wingspan about 9 inches wide; Suitable for ages: 3+ Years.


Discuss This Page


Please feel free to post your comments:



Linking to This Page


We do hope that you find this site useful. We welcome people linking to this website or citing us.

The URL of this web page, is:


If you want to link to this web page from your own web site, you can use the following HTML code:


You are also very welcome to tell your friends about us on Facebook:
Making Math More Fun - Math Games Package


 
 










































     
 
DinosaurJungle.com is
Copyright © 2006-2019, Answers 2000 Limited

CERTAIN CONTENT THAT APPEARS ON THIS SITE COMES FROM AMAZON SERVICES LLC. THIS CONTENT IS PROVIDED 'AS IS' AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE OR REMOVAL AT ANY TIME.
CERTAIN CONTENT THAT APPEARS ON THIS SITE,COMES FROM AMAZON EU S. r.l. THIS CONTENT IS PROVIDED 'AS IS' AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE OR REMOVAL AT ANY TIME.


In Association With Amazon.com
Answers 2000 Limited is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.
In Association With Amazon.co.uk
Answers 2000 Limited is a participant in the Amazon EU Associates Programme, an affiliate advertising programme designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.co.uk.
As an Amazon Associate, our company earns from qualifying purchases. Amazon, the Amazon logo, Endless, and the Endless logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates.



Disclosure: Our company's websites' content (including this website's content) includes advertisements for our own company's websites, products, and services, and for other organization's websites, products, and services. In the case of links to other organization's websites, our company may receive a payment, (1) if you purchase products or services, or (2) if you sign-up for third party offers, after following links from this website. Unless specifically otherwise stated, information about other organization's products and services, is based on information provided by that organization, the product/service vendor, and/or publicly available information - and should not be taken to mean that we have used the product/service in question. Additionally, our company's websites contain some adverts which we are paid to display, but whose content is not selected by us, such as Google AdSense ads. For more detailed information, please see Advertising/Endorsements Disclosures

Our sites use cookies, some of which may already be set on your computer. Use of our site constitutes consent for this. For details, please see Privacy.

Click privacy for information about our company's privacy, data collection and data retention policies, and your rights.

Contact Us   Privacy   Terms Of Use   Advertising/Endorsements Disclosures