Facts about Pliosaurs, an extinct prehistoric animal

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Dinosaur Jungle   >   Other Prehistoric Animals   >   Pliosaurs

Pliosaurs



Kronosaurus
Click here for more Pliosaur Pictures

Scientific Classification
  Kingdom Animalia
  Phylum Chordata
  Class Sauropsida
  Superorder Sauropterygia
  Order Plesiosauria
  Suborder Pliosauroidea
Pliosaurs were a group of extinct marine reptiles. Their fossils are found in Jurassic and Cretaceous period rocks, and they are believed to have evolved during the earlier Triassic period. Pliosaurs, although not themselves dinosaurs, seem to have gone extinct at the same time as the dinosaurs, during the Cretaceous-Tertiary mass extinction.

Early Pliosaurs are generally similar to Plesiosaurs in appearance, and are believed to have evolved from Plesiosaurs. It is not however entirely clear whether all Pliosaurs evolved from a common ancestor, or whether different species of Pliosaurs independently evolved similar adaptations.

Pliosaurs can be recognized by their short neck (in contrast to the longer neck of Plesiosaurs), and their four paddle-like limbs. Their heads were elongated and filled with conical teeth - suggesting they were carnivores. Pliosaurs are believed to have eaten fish, Ichthyosaurs, Plesiosaurs, and other Pliosaurs. Pliosaurs ranged between 13 feet (4 meters) and 50 feet (15 meters) in length - and the skulls of the largest animals were 10 feet (3 meters) in length.

Fossils of Pliosaurs have been found around the world including in England, Norway, the United States, Mexico, South America, and Australia.

Pliosaurs Timeline:



Pliosaurs were marine reptiles that lived between 228 and 65 million years ago

Pliosaurs were marine reptiles that lived between 228 and 65 million years ago


Related Information & Resources


See Also

Pliosaur Books


Here are some books from Amazon.com:

Disclosure: Products details and descriptions provided by Amazon.com. Our company may receive a payment if you purchase products from them after following a link from this website.

Vengeance from the Deep - Book One: Pliosaur
By Russ Elliott

Severed Press
Released: 2015-10-06
Kindle Edition (280 pages)

Vengeance from the Deep - Book One: Pliosaur
 
Product Description:
AN ANCIENT SHIP LOST AT SEA 

In 1852, a whaling vessel killed a bizarre creature the length of a whale. . . but it was no whale. Soon after, the ship went missing, along with any evidence of their find. Was the encounter true, or merely a legend? The public could only wonder as newspapers of the day spread the story across Europe. A mystery that would go on to haunt and taunt cryptozoologist through the ages
 
. .. until now.
Archeologist John Paxton has always been eluded by the great find. But his luck is about to change on a mysterious island near South Africa. An island that holds the deadly secret behind the ancient ship's disappearance.

But the riddle of the ship is soon eclipsed by what John uncovers next. He encounters a lost civilization with a plan straight from hell. Within the caverns beneath the island, the tribe worships and nurtures a prehistoric marine reptile that could engulf T. rex. The size of a sperm whale, and equipped with ten-foot jaws bristling with eighteen-inch teeth, this pliosaur is the last remaining member of the greatest predator species that ever lived. Only then does John realize the islanders' true agendato unleash the leviathan on the modern world to fulfill their bloodlust for revenge.

Now John finds himself in a desperate hunt to stop the fifty-ton killing machine before the Ivory Coast washes blood red. A suicidal mission that will take him to the deep-sea floor, and face-to-face with the deadliest predator of all time.

DON'T MISS PART 2 - VENGEANCE FROM THE DEEP: BLOOD OF THE NECALA
Devour
By Kurt Anderson

Pinnacle
Released: 2016-05-31
Mass Market Paperback (400 pages)

Devour
List Price: $9.99*
Lowest New Price: $120.08*
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Product Description:
IT LURKS
Deep beneath the ice of the Arctic Circle, something has awakened. A primordial creature frozen in time, it is the oldest, largest, most efficient predator that nature has ever produced. And it is ravenously hungry…
 
IT HUNTS
Thirty-five miles off the Massachussetts coast, a small research ship is attacked. All but one of its crew is killed by the massive serpentine horror that rises from the sea. The creature likes this human prey. The chewy outer hide. The tender saltiness within. And it wants more…
 
IT FEEDS
Responding to a distress signal, fishing-boat captain Brian Hawkins arrives in time to save the ship’s last survivor. But the nightmare is just beginning. A casino cruise ship carrying high-stakes passengers—and a top-secret cargo—becomes the creature’s bloodsoaked hunting ground. Desperate but determined, Hawkins goes after the biggest catch of the century.
Kronosaurus and Other Sea Creatures (Prehistoric World)
By Virginia Schomp

Brand: Cavendish Square Publishing
Library Binding (32 pages)

Kronosaurus and Other Sea Creatures (Prehistoric World)
List Price: $29.50*
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Product Description:
Schomp, Virginia
Pliosaur ART
By Mark Musy

Mark Musy
Released: 2012-01-19
Kindle Edition (23 pages)

Pliosaur ART
 
Product Description:
Pliosaur ART presents photos of very realistic dinosaur sculpture and art
by Mark Musy with descriptions, drawings and illustrations of how he
created them for his small scale traveling dinosaur art exhibit. The e-book
focuses on his art, depicting Kronosaurus and Liopleurodon, several of the
largest prehistoric ocean dwelling carnivores that lived during the early
Cretaceous.
KRONOS RISING: KRAKEN (volume 1 of 3): The battle for Earth's oceans has just begun.
By Max Hawthorne

Far From The Tree Press, LLC
Released: 2016-04-24
Kindle Edition (554 pages)

KRONOS RISING: KRAKEN (volume 1 of 3): The battle for Earth s oceans has just begun.
 
Product Description:
2018 Gold Medal Winner! -AUTHORSdb
2016 People's Choice Award Winner & Book of the Year! -Geek Ireland

30 years have passed since the destruction of Paradise Cove. Since then, pliosaurs the size of whales have wreaked havoc on the world’s oceans. Despite tragic losses, Garm Braddock and his brother Dirk wage a bloody war of attrition against the voracious marine reptiles: Garm from the helm of the anti-biologic submarine Gryphon and his brother from the top-secret military research facility known as Tartarus.

In spite of ongoing attempts to destroy them, the prehistoric predators that rose from the ashes of Diablo Caldera continue to multiply. They are bringers of death, and via more than just their deadly jaws. Their blood contains a primeval pathogen so virulent that, left unchecked, could spell the end of mammalian life.

Meanwhile, in the icy darkness of the deep, an evil as ancient as the dinosaurs stirs in response to the changes in Earth’s oceans. Rising hungrily to the surface, it brings with it an intellect as cold as the abyss and an irrepressible need to destroy and devour.

And conquer.
KRONOS RISING: After 65 million years, the world's greatest predator is back.
By Max Hawthorne

Far From The Tree Press, LLC
Released: 2014-04-06
Kindle Edition (563 pages)

KRONOS RISING: After 65 million years, the world s greatest predator is back.
 
Product Description:

". . . worthy of sitting on the shelf next to Peter benchley's JAWS." -Publisher's Weekly



Steve refused to surrender. Even though he knew the creature was right behind him, he wouldn't quit. He would make it. Just as that beacon of hope began to shine down upon him, the bright sun overhead vanished from view. Confused, he gazed wide-eyed as the daylight grew dim. Then he realized the ultimate horror: the creature had overtaken him, its jaws opened wide.


He was in its mouth.


A coastal community faces the wrath of a prehistoric marine predator in Max Hawthorne’s heart-pounding new novel, Kronos Rising.


Book Video Trailer: http://youtu.be/-6mLLQSzITc


Devastated by his wife’s tragic drowning, Olympic hopeful Jake Braddock turns his back on fame and fortune and retreats to his childhood home of Paradise Cove, Florida. He accepts the job of town sheriff, hoping to find the solace he so desperately craves.


He finds anything but.


A series of horrifying deaths and disappearances send a flood of panic through the idyllic town. It is only after the ravaged carcass of a full-grown whale surfaces, however, that the real terror begins.


Soon Jake finds himself drawn into an ancient mystery - a mystery that ends with him adrift at sea, battling for survival against the deadliest predator the world has ever seen. It is a creature whose ancestors ruled the prehistoric seas. Now freed after eons of imprisonment, it has risen to reclaim the oceans of the world as its own.


And it's hungry.



Product Description:

". . . worthy of sitting on the shelf next to Peter benchley's JAWS." -Publisher's Weekly



Steve refused to surrender. Even though he knew the creature was right behind him, he wouldn't quit. He would make it. Just as that beacon of hope began to shine down upon him, the bright sun overhead vanished from view. Confused, he gazed wide-eyed as the daylight grew dim. Then he realized the ultimate horror: the creature had overtaken him, its jaws opened wide.


He was in its mouth.


A coastal community faces the wrath of a prehistoric marine predator in Max Hawthorne’s heart-pounding new novel, Kronos Rising.


Book Video Trailer: http://youtu.be/-6mLLQSzITc


Devastated by his wife’s tragic drowning, Olympic hopeful Jake Braddock turns his back on fame and fortune and retreats to his childhood home of Paradise Cove, Florida. He accepts the job of town sheriff, hoping to find the solace he so desperately craves.


He finds anything but.


A series of horrifying deaths and disappearances send a flood of panic through the idyllic town. It is only after the ravaged carcass of a full-grown whale surfaces, however, that the real terror begins.


Soon Jake finds himself drawn into an ancient mystery - a mystery that ends with him adrift at sea, battling for survival against the deadliest predator the world has ever seen. It is a creature whose ancestors ruled the prehistoric seas. Now freed after eons of imprisonment, it has risen to reclaim the oceans of the world as its own.


And it's hungry.

Prehistoric Sea Beasts (If Extinct Beasts Came to Life)
By Matthew Rake

Hungry Tomato ®
Released: 2017-01-01
Paperback (32 pages)

Prehistoric Sea Beasts (If Extinct Beasts Came to Life)
List Price: $7.99*
Lowest New Price: $6.12*
Lowest Used Price: $6.12*
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Product Description:

The ocean is filled with giant, strange, and scary creatures such as whales, octopuses, and sharks―but the prehistoric megalodon was powerful enough to crush a killer whale. Other sea beasts of the past could hold their own against even the most mysterious of modern sea creatures. Sea scorpions had claws the size of tennis rackets. Tanystropheus used its long neck to catch fish from land. And Leedsichthys had as many as 40,000 teeth! What would happen if these extinct beasts came to life? Imagine prehistoric sea beasts chasing dolphins, fighting crocodiles, and hunting humpback whales―and learn all about the prehistoric creatures of the deep!

[ { PLESIOSAURS, INCLUDING: PLESIOSAUR, PLIOSAUR, PLESIOSAURIA, LIST OF PLESIOSAURS, PLESIOSAURIDAE, ELASMOSAURIDAE, CIMOLIASAURIDAE, CRYPTOCLIDID } ] by Hephaestus Books (AUTHOR) Sep-12-2011 [ Paperback ]
By Hephaestus Books

Hephaestus Books
Paperback

[ { PLESIOSAURS, INCLUDING: PLESIOSAUR, PLIOSAUR, PLESIOSAURIA, LIST OF PLESIOSAURS, PLESIOSAURIDAE, ELASMOSAURIDAE, CIMOLIASAURIDAE, CRYPTOCLIDID } ] by Hephaestus Books (AUTHOR) Sep-12-2011 [ Paperback ]
 
KRONOS RISING - DIABLO: Something's escaped from Hell . . . and it's hungry.
By Max Hawthorne

Far From The Tree press, LLC
Released: 2016-07-21
Kindle Edition (47 pages)

KRONOS RISING - DIABLO: Something s escaped from Hell . . . and it s hungry.
 
Product Description:
"One of 2016's Top Ten Books" - AUTHORSdb

THE TERRIFYING PROLOGUE TO KRONOS RISING

Barreling along a hundred feet beneath the surface, the giant predator gained swiftly on its prey. Fifty yards ahead, a school of chrome-colored fish fled terror-stricken before it. Measuring close to twenty feet in length, the enormous descendants of the prehistoric fish Xiphactinus audax were, themselves, top predators, each tipping the scales at over three thousand pounds. Compared to the whale-sized nightmare that pursued them, however, the toothy, tarpon-like creatures were little more than a snack.

Before the nightmare that would become KRONOS RISING was unleashed, it was first contained in . . . DIABLO.

Nestled off the coast of Cuba and shielded by impenetrable reefs of razor-sharp rock, stands Diablo Caldera. To the rest of the world, the extinct, bowl-shaped volcano is hardly worth exploring. But the caldera has a secret. Its isolated saltwater lake has remained untouched since the fall of the dinosaurs.

Inside this hellish aquarium are the deadliest marine predators the world has ever seen. Imprisoned behind towering walls of volcanic rock since the Cretaceous, and warded by a mysterious race, Diablo’s savage inmates rule with flipper and fang the only world they have ever known.

But something is about to change. The prison that is Diablo is beginning to fail, and soon it will unleash into the unsuspecting Atlantic a primeval fury the likes of which it has never before known.

It is one hundred tons of death. And it likes to eat.

KRONOS RISING: PLAGUE: If you thought dry land was safe, think again.
By Max Hawthorne

Far From The Tree Press, LLC
Released: 2016-11-24
Kindle Edition (152 pages)

KRONOS RISING: PLAGUE: If you thought dry land was safe, think again.
 
Product Description:
KRONOS RISING: PLAGUE: AUTHORSdb 2017 Gold Medal Winner!

IT HAS BEGUN - The terrifying prologue to KRONOS RISING: KRAKEN

Ron got up.
“Holy --- Steve, the Taser’s not stopping him!”
“It has to! Nobody can take that. Hit him again!”
“Look out! Here he comes!”
Ron charged again, powering his way past the jolts of pain. He smashed into the nearest intruder with bone-jarring force, grappling with him, tearing at him. The struggle intensified as the two rolled around on the alley’s blood-soaked cobblestones. The second creature joined in the battle, striking at his head with a hard stick in an effort to aid his comrade.
Ron laughed.
The intruders were pathetically weak. He could sense it. He snatched the light from the closer one and backhanded him across the face with it, sending him sprawling. Then he turned toward the other one. He was stumbling backward, clawing at his hip, and obviously terrified.
Amused, Ron turned away and focused on the one on the ground. He took a deep whiff, smelling the hot blood that ran in rivulets from the downed newcomer’s brow, and listened to the jackhammer beating of his heart.
More food.


THE DEADLIEST KILLERS ARE THE ONES YOU CAN'T SEE.

Three weeks have passed since the monstrous Kronosaurus imperator’s attack on Harcourt Marina stunned the world. The death toll was horrific, but Paradise Cove’s traumatized survivors soon discover they have more to worry about than just burying their dead and rebuilding their shattered lives.

Accompanying the pliosaur were hordes of primeval pathogens. With their host destroyed, the Cretaceous-era bacteria are forced to find new homes for themselves. They do: tiny, bipedal life forms whose warm, iron-rich blood provides perfect growing conditions. They begin to multiply and spread, their mutagenic qualities quickly warping their unwitting host’s delicate bodies and minds. Soon, the infected are transformed into mindless beasts, consumed with a burning hunger for flesh.

And like all ravening beasts, they must feed . . .



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