Information about Paraceratherium (Indricotherium)

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Dinosaur Jungle   >   Other Prehistoric Animals   >   Paraceratherium

Paraceratherium



Indricotherium
Click here for more Paraceratherium Pictures

Scientific Classification
  Kingdom Animalia
  Phylum Chordata
  Class Mammalia
  Order Perissodactyla
  Family Hyracodontidae
  Subfamily Indricotheriinae
  Genus Paraceratherium
Paraceratherium (also sometimes known as "Indricotherium" or "Baluchiterium" or "Indricothere" - see the comments on naming below) was a genus of herbivorous (plant eating) mammals that lived in Asia between about 30 million years ago, and 20 million years ago. Its fossils have been found in a number of countries including China, Kazakhstan, India, Mongolia, and Pakistan. It was an odd-toed ungulate (part of the order Perissodactyla), and is believed to be related to modern rhinoceroses.

The animal was probably the largest land mammal in history, exceeding in size even the largest species of mammoths. An adult was perhaps 18 feet (5.5 meters) tall at the should, 25 feet (7.5 meters) tall when its head was raised, and about 28 feet (8 meters) in length not including the tail. Even the animal's skull was massive, at around 4½ feet (1.4 meters) long. Estimates of the animal's weight range from 10 to 20 tons.

The regions that Paraceratherium lived in during life would have been subtropical forests. Paraceratherium would have eaten leaves and twigs from trees and shrubs, and would have been particularly adept at stripping trees of their leaves.

The first description of Paraceratherium was by Forster Cooper in 1911, and a number of other similar animals by Forster Cooper and others in the next few years. Although the various animals of this type described by different scientists do have important differences, there are also many similarities, so it is not entirely clear whether the animals were all of the same genus or not, and hence the variety of names assigned by different scientists to different specimens. Assuming however that the animals were of the same genus, the various names would all in fact be synonyms, and the first chosen name, that is to say "Paraceratherium", would take priority.

Paraceratherium Timeline:



Paraceratherium was a massive mammalian herbivore that lived between 30 and 20 million years ago

Paraceratherium was a massive mammalian herbivore that lived between 30 and 20 million years ago


Related Information & Resources


See Also

Indricotherium Books


Here are some books from Amazon.com:

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Rhinoceros Giants: The Paleobiology of Indricotheres (Life of the Past)
By Donald R. Prothero

Brand: Indiana University Press
Released: 2013-05-09
Hardcover (160 pages)

Rhinoceros Giants: The Paleobiology of Indricotheres (Life of the Past)
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Product Description:

Written for everyone fascinated by the huge beasts that once roamed the earth, this book introduces the giant hornless rhinoceros, Indricotherium. These massive animals inhabited Asia and Eurasia for more than 14 million years, about 37 to 23 million years ago. They had skulls 6 feet long, stood 22 feet high at the shoulder, and were twice as heavy as the largest elephant ever recorded, tipping the scales at 44,100 pounds. Fortunately, the big brutes were vegetarians. Donald R. Prothero tells their story, from their discovery just a century ago to the latest research on how they lived and died.

Endangered and Extinct Mammals (Lightning Bolt Books - Animals in Danger)
By Jennifer Boothroyd

21st Century
Paperback (32 pages)

Endangered and Extinct Mammals (Lightning Bolt Books - Animals in Danger)
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Asian elephants and Mexican long-nosed bats are two examples of endangered mammals. Few of them exist in the wild. Other mammals have already gone extinct. What hurts these animals? What can you do to help? Read this book to find out!
O rode Indricotherium n.g.
By A.A. Borisyak

YoYo Media
Paperback

O rode Indricotherium n.g.
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Giant Rhinoceros (Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Animals)
By Janet Riehecky

Brand: Pebble Plus
Library Binding (24 pages)

Giant Rhinoceros (Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Animals)
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Product Description:
Simple text and illustrations present prehistoric giant rhinoceros, how they looked, and what they did.
Giant Rhino (Prehistoric Animals (Buddy Books))
By Michael P Goecke

Brand: Buddy Books
Library Binding (24 pages)

Giant Rhino (Prehistoric Animals (Buddy Books))
List Price: $25.65*
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Product Description:
- Color Photographs
- B/W Photographs
- Maps
- Diagrams
- Table of Contents
- Index
- Glossary
SUR UN NOUVEAU REPRÉSENTANT (REPRESENTANT) DES RHINOCÉROS (RHINOCEROS) GIGANTESQUES DE L'OLIGOCÈNE (L'OLIGOCENE) D'ASIE INDRICOTHERIUM ASIATICUM N. G., N. SP.
By A. (SIGNED) BORISSIAK

Societe Geologique De France
Paperback
 
Baluchitherium grangeri, a giant hornless rhinoceros from Mongolia (American Museum novitates)
By Henry Fairfield Osborn

The American Museum of Natural History
Unknown Binding (15 pages)
 


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