Facts about Mastodons, an extinct prehistoric animal

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Dinosaur Jungle   >   Other Prehistoric Animals   >   Mastodons

Mastodons



Scientific Classification
  Kingdom Animalia
  Phylum Chordata
  Class Mammalia
  Order Proboscidea
  Family Mammutidae
  Genus Mammut
Mastodons were a genus of animals, related to elephants and Mammoths, that lived from about 4 million years ago through to almost 6,000 years ago. Although they outwardly resembled Mammoths, Mastodons were in fact distinct from them - Mastodons were browsing herbivores (principally eating leaves from trees and shrubs) whereas Mammathos were grazers (eating grasses).

Masotodons inhabited a vast area in Europe, Asia and North America. Their fossils have been in Canada, the United States, Mexico, Britain, Germany, the Netherlands, Romania, and as far South as Greece and Honduras.

Mastodons were around 10 feet (3 meters) tall at the shoulder, and equipped with long horizontal tusks, which could be as long as 16 feet (5 meters). The tusks are believed to have been used for breaking branches and twigs when feeding, and, by males, in competitions for mates. Differences between Mastodons and Mammoths, include a thinner woolly coat, different shaped teeth, and nearly horizontal tusks (whereas Mammoth tusks tended to be more curved).

Mastodon
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Mastodons Timeline:



Mastodons were herbivorous (plant-eating) mammals that lived between 4 million and 6,000 years ago

Mastodons were herbivorous (plant-eating) mammals that lived between 4 million and 6,000 years ago


Related Information & Resources


See Also

Mastodon Books


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Mammoths and Mastodons of the Ice Age
By Adrian Lister

Firefly Books
Hardcover (128 pages)

Mammoths and Mastodons of the Ice Age
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A vivid, authoritative exploration of the iconic giants of the Ice Age.

Featuring stunning photographs of skeletons, casts, tusks and preserved flesh from the world-famous collections of the Natural History Museum in London and Chicago's Field Museum (home to the most complete and best preserved mammoth baby), this book reveals what life was like for these prehistoric giants whose remains invite so much modern fascination and speculation.

From 1.8 million to 10,000 years ago as global temperatures cooled, colossal mammals were an imposing presence on the Pleistocene landscape, roaming alongside humans across great swaths of Europe, Asia, and much of North America. Mammoths and Mastodons of the Ice Age explains the differences between these animals, describes their habitats and behaviors, and introduces other amazing creatures from the Ice Age, such as the saber-toothed cat, giant sloth, cave bear and dire wolf.

Drawing on current scientific research, including recently revealed DNA analysis that shows the real color of mammoths, Adrian Lister explores how hunters stalked the elephantine prey, why they died out and whether it's possible to clone them today. He also examines what wild elephants (their surviving cousins) tell us about their extinct ancestors and how the natural and human-caused challenges elephants face today may doom them to the same fate.

Mammoths and Mastodons of the Ice Age is a tie-in with the traveling museum exhibition "Mammoths and Mastodons: Titans of the Ice Age," which opened in Chicago in 2010, and will tour through 2016. The similarly named 3D film has received rave reviews and undoubtedly will become a popular big-screen event, once the museum exhibition closes.

Once upon a Mastodon: All About Prehistoric Mammals (Cat in the Hat's Learning Library)
By Bonnie Worth

Random House Books for Young Readers
Released: 2014-09-23
Hardcover (48 pages)

Once upon a Mastodon: All About Prehistoric Mammals (Cat in the Hat s Learning Library)
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How cool! The Cat and Co. time-travel to the Great Ice Age!
 
The Cat in the Hat visits with Ice Age mammals on a whirlwind tour of the Pleistocene! From ground sloths as big as elephants to bears as heavy as Volkswagens, the Cat introduces young readers to mastodons, mammoths, woolly rhinos, saber-toothed cats, giant horses, and lots more—including humans! In addition, young readers will learn basic facts about the Great Ice Age and early human life, the characteristics of mammals, and the study of fossils. Ideal for supporting the Common Core State Standards and a natural for fans of the hit PBS Kids show The Cat in the Hat Knows a Lot About That!, this is a great way to introduce beginning readers to science!
Mastodon - Emperor of Sand: Accurate Tab Edition
By Mastodon

Hal Leonard
Paperback (80 pages)

Mastodon - Emperor of Sand: Accurate Tab Edition
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(Guitar Recorded Versions). This collection features all 11 tracks from this 2017 album in accurate tab transcriptions including the lead single "Show Yourself" plus: Ancient Kingdom * Andromeda * Clandestiny * Jaguar God * Precious Stones * Roots Remain * Scorpion Breath * Steambreather * Sultan's Curse * Word to the Wise.
Mastodon - Crack the Skye (Guitar Recorded Versions)
By Mastodon

Brand: Hal Leonard
Released: 2009-08-01
Paperback (104 pages)

Mastodon - Crack the Skye (Guitar Recorded Versions)
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Product Description:
(Guitar Recorded Versions). Crack the Skye tells a story dealing variously with the art aesthetics of Tsarist Russia, astral travel, out of body experiences, and Stephen Hawking's theories on wormholes. The All Music Guide says the CD "rocks, and hard!", calling the guitar arrangements the "most intricate, melodically complex things the band has ever recorded." Our songbook features note-for-note transcriptions in notes & tab for all 7 songs, including the title track and: The Czar * Divinations * Ghost of Karelia * The Last Baron * Oblivion * Quintessence.
Mastodon - Once More 'Round the Sun (Recorded Versions Guitar)
By Mastodon

Hal Leonard
Paperback (136 pages)

Mastodon - Once More  Round the Sun (Recorded Versions Guitar)
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(Guitar Recorded Versions). Matching note-for-note transcriptions to Mastodon's chart-topping 2014 release with 11 tracks: Asleep in the Deep * Aunt Lisa * Chimes at Midnight * Diamond in the Witch House * Ember City * Feast Your Eyes * Halloween * High Road * The Motherload * Once More 'Round the Sun * Tread Lightly. PARENTAL ADVISORY FOR EXPLICIT CONTENT.
Mammoths and Mastodons: Titans of the Ice Age (Orbis Pictus Honor for Outstanding Nonfiction for Children (Awards))
By Cheryl Bardoe

Brand: Harry N. Abrams
Hardcover (40 pages)

Mammoths and Mastodons: Titans of the Ice Age (Orbis Pictus Honor for Outstanding Nonfiction for Children (Awards))
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Product Description:
Mammoths and mastodons roamed the earth for more than a million years, and then suddenly went extinct. What was everyday life like for these colossal cousins of the modern elephant? What did they eat? How did they fit into their Ice Age landscape? Why did they disappear?

These questions and more are answered in this fascinating book that presents the latest research, drawing on the recent discovery of a fully frozen baby mammoth—which has allowed scientists to learn more than they ever could have known just from studying bones and fossils.

Profusely illustrated, Mammoths and Mastodons features photographs of archaeological digs, scientists at work in the field and in labs, and archival relics. Specially commissioned artwork also brings the story of mammoths and mastodons to life. The book includes a bibliography, a glossary, and an index.
 
Exhibition schedule
Publication will coincide with the Field Museum exhibit Mammoths and Mastodons, which runs from March 5 through September 6 in Chicago and is then projected to tour up to 10 venues through 2014.
 
March 5–September 6, 2010: The Field Museum, Chicago
October 16, 2010–January 9, 2011: City TBA
November 25, 2011–April 15, 2012: City TBA
May 26–September 3, 2012: City TBA
October 13, 2012–January 13, 2013: Museum of Science, Boston
February 23–May 27, 2013: City TBA
May 10–September, 2014: City TBA

F&P level: V
F&P genre: I
Fossils: From Fossilized Mastodon Teeth to Snail Fossils
By Mr. Adam P Gambill

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (24 pages)

Fossils: From Fossilized Mastodon Teeth to Snail Fossils
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This book is primarily a picture book. While there are short descriptions with each picture, the pictures are the main elements in this book. Included in this book are pictures of mastodon tooth fossils and fossils found by the author. This is a great book for all ages.
Mastodon - The Hunter (Guitar Recorded Versions)
By Mastodon

Hal Leonard
Paperback (104 pages)

Mastodon - The Hunter (Guitar Recorded Versions)
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(Guitar Recorded Versions). Exact transcriptions of all the tracks from Mastodon's masterful 2011 release. Features the Grammy-nominated song "Curl of the Burl," and a dozen others: All the Heavy Lifting * Bedazzled Fingernails * Black Tongue * Blasteroid * Creature Lives * Dry Bone Valley * The Hunter * Octopus Has No Friends * The Sparrow * Spectrelight * Stargasm * Thickening.
Volume 56: Osteology for the Archaeologist: American Mastadon and the Woolly Mammoth; North American Birds: Skulls and Mandibles; North American ... (Papers of the Peabody Museum) (Volume 3)
By Stanley J. Olsen

Peabody Museum Press
Released: 2004-12-01
Paperback (192 pages)

Volume 56: Osteology for the Archaeologist: American Mastadon and the Woolly Mammoth; North American Birds: Skulls and Mandibles; North American ... (Papers of the Peabody Museum) (Volume 3)
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This comparative analysis aids the fieldworker in identifying fossil proboscidean bones from early man sites. It also describes the skulls, mandibles, and posteranial skeletons of forty families of birds frequently found in archaeological excavations in the United States.
Mastodon: Crack the Skye (Bass Recorded Version)
By Mastodon

Hal Leonard
Released: 2009-12-28
Paperback (72 pages)

Mastodon: Crack the Skye (Bass Recorded Version)
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(Bass Recorded Versions Persona). Our Bass Recorded Versions folio features note-for-note bass transcriptions with tab for all seven track's from Mastodon's ambitious 2009 concept album: Crack the Skye * The Czar * Divinations * Ghost of Karelia * The Last Baron * Oblivion * Quintessence.


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