Archaeopteryx, one of the first birds - an intermediate between dinosaurs and birds?

Dinosaur Jungle



Dinosaur Books



Dinosaur Clothing



Dinosaur Crosswords



Dinosaur Facts
   Amazing Dinosaurs
   Classification
      Ornithischia
         Ankylosaurs
         Ceratopsians
         Marginocephalia
         Ornithopods
         Pachycephalosaurs
         Stegosaurs
      Saurischia
         Prosauropods
         Sauropods
         Theropods
   Definition
   Diet
   Eggs
   Extinction
   Family Tree
   Fossils
         Footprints
   Life Span
   Living Dinosaurs?
   Myths
   Timeline
      Triassic Period
      Jurassic Period
      Cretaceous Period
   World
      African Dinosaurs
      Antarctic Dinosaurs
      Asian Dinosaurs
      Australian Dinosaurs
      European Dinosaurs
      Indian Dinosaurs
      N. American Dinosaurs
      S. American Dinosaurs



Dinosaur Fun



Dinosaur Games



Dinosaur Jokes



Dinosaur Museums
   Australia Dinosaur Museums
   Canada Dinosaur Museums
   UK Dinosaur Museums
   USA Dinosaur Museums



Dinosaur Names



Dinosaur Pictures



Dinosaur Scientists
   Charles Darwin
   Mary Anning
   Sir Richard Owen
   More Dinosaur Scientists



Dinosaur Software



Dinosaur Types
   Allosaurus
   Ankylosaurus
   Apatosaurus
   Baryonyx
   Brachiosaurus
   Centrosaurus
   Ceratosaurus
   Coelophysis
   Deinonychus
   Dilophosaurus
   Diplodocus
   Euoplocephalus
   Iguanodon
   Kentrosaurus
   Lambeosaurus
   Maiasaura
   Megalosaurus
   Microraptor
   Monoclonius
   Pachycephalosaurus
   Parasaurolophus
   Pentaceratops
   Protoceratops
   Saltopus
   Saurolophus
   Seismosaurus
   Spinosaurus
   Stegosaurus
   Styracosaurus
   Supersaurus
   Triceratops
   Tyrannosaurus Rex
   Velociraptor
   More Dinosaur Types



Dinosaur Toys



Dinosaur Video Games



Dinosaur Videos



Dinosaur Word Search



Other Prehistoric Animals
   Aetosaurs
   Ambulocetus
   Ammonites
   Andrewsarchus
   Archaeopteryx
   Basilosaurus
   Belemnites
   Brontotheres
   Chalicotheres
   Champsosaurs
   Coelacanth
   Cynodonts
   Dicynodonts
   Dimetrodon
   Gastornis
   Glyptodonts
   Gorgonopsians
   Hesperornis
   Hyracotherium
   Ichthyosaurs
   Mammal-like Reptiles
   Mammoths
   Mastodons
   Megaloceros
   Megalodon
   Meganeura Monyi
   Megatherium
   Mosasaurs
   Moschops
   Pakicetus
   Paraceratherium
   Phorusrhacids
   Placoderms
   Plesiosaurs
   Pliosaurs
   Pterosaurs
   Sea Scorpions
   Smilodon
   Spiny Sharks
   Tiktaalik
   Titanoboa
   Trilobites
   More Prehistoric Animals





Dinosaur Links
   Dinosaur Coloring
   Dinosaur Hangman
   Dinosaurs News
   Dinosaurs Parks

Education - Math Downloads
   Fun With Figures
   Making Math More Fun
   Math Bingo
   Math Riddle Book
   Download Math eBooks

Education - Reading Downloads
   Child Learning Reading
   Dolch Sight Words
   Phonics Bingo
   Robot Reading Games
   Sight Word Bingo

Education - Science Downloads
   24 Hour Science Projects
   Super Science Fair Projects
   Download Science eBooks


 
   
Dinosaur Jungle   >   Other Prehistoric Animals   >   Archaeopteryx

Archaeopteryx



Archaeopteryx
Click here for more Archaeopteryx Pictures

Scientific Classification
  Kingdom Animalia
  Phylum Chordata
  Class Aves
  Order Archaeopterygiformes
  Family Archaeopterygidae
  Genus Archaeopteryx
Archaeopteryx is the earliest and most primitive bird currently definitely known (Protoavis has been claimed as an earlier bird, however many scientists dispute this). The name "Archaeopteryx" (which, as is often the case, is derived from Ancient Greek) means "ancient wing", although it is sometimes also known by the German name of "Urvogel" which means "first bird".

Archaeopteryx lived in the Jurassic period between approximately 150 million and 145 million years ago. fossils of the animal have been found in what is today southern Germany, but was at the time an archipelago of islands in a warm tropical sea.

Many scientists believe that Archaeopteryx is a transitional fossil between birds and dinosaurs, and its discovery has contributed greatly to the debate about evolution. The first complete specimen of Archaeopteryx was discovered in 1861, just two years after Charles Darwin published "On the Origin of Species by Natural Selection", and seemed to be a spectacular confirmation of his ideas. In particular, the idea that birds were descended from Theropod dinosaurs, was proposed by T. H. Huxley in 1868.

Archaeopteryx fossil
Archaeopteryx seems to have grown to a maximum of about 1 foot 8 inches (50 centimeters) in length, about the size of a medium-sized modern bird. It seems to have definitely had feathers (see below) as well as some other avian features (including a wishbone and a partially reversed first toe), a larger brain than most dinosaurs (again more like birds), but Archaeopteryx also retained several features similar to Theropod dinosaurs. Dinosaur-like features included its small teeth and a long bony tail.

To date, less than a dozen specimens of Archaeopteryx have been found, and many of these fossils appear to include evidence of feathers. Noteably, Archaeopteryx has flight feathers, so it is thought likely that these may have evolved from simpler feathers in its as yet undiscovered ancestors. Over the years, there have been a number of controversies and debates relating to Archaeopteryx, including whether it should be classified as a bird at all, and how it relates to modern birds (currently, many scientists believe that Archaeopteryx is a close relative of the ancestor of modern birds, rather than the direct ancestor).

One of the key points of scientific interest in Archaeopteryx is what it can teach us about the evolution of flying in birds. One theory is that flight evolved from fast-running after insects and other small prey such as small lizards (an idea first proposed by Samuel Wendell Williston). The main alternative theory is that flight began by jumping or gliding down from trees (this theory was first proposed by Othniel C. Marsh). Although it seems pretty clear that Archaeopteryx could fly, it is not entirely clear which of these two theories it provides evidence for - Archaeopteryx does not seem particularly well-suited for either running or for perching in trees. We do know however that there were few in the local environment at the Archaeopteryx was alive, although it is of course possible that Archaeopteryx simply used shrubs, cliffs, and whatever trees were available.

Archaeopteryx Timeline:



Archaeopteryx was an early bird with many dinosaur-like features that lived between 150 and 145 million years ago

Archaeopteryx was an early bird with many dinosaur-like features that lived between 150 and 145 million years ago


Related Information & Resources


See Also

Archaeopteryx Books


Here are some books from Amazon.com:

Disclosure: Products details and descriptions provided by Amazon.com. Our company may receive a payment if you purchase products from them after following a link from this website.

Archaeopteryx (The Albuquerque Trilogy Book 1)
By Dan Darling

Curiosity Quills Press
Released: 2017-11-29
Kindle Edition (415 pages)

Archaeopteryx (The Albuquerque Trilogy Book 1)
 
Product Description:
John Stick, zoo keeper and giant, just wants to sit alone in a dark room with his pet tarantula. However, when ten thousand birds fall dead from the New Mexican sky, the woman he loves, an ornithologist with severe facial deformity, begs him to decipher the cause. He grudgingly agrees, a decision that plunges him into a tangle of weirdness as old as the American Southwest.

Stick’s investigation reveals that the birds’ mass death is an offshoot of a much larger conflict. On one side, the Good Friends, an underground railroad for undocumented immigrants, wants Stick to oust the man they believe responsible for killing the birds and persecuting immigrants. This same man leads The Minutemen Militia, which covets Stick’s expertise in handling their genetically mutated immigrant-tracking monsters. Meanwhile, a beautiful animal theologian tries to seduce Stick into believing his existence is key to balancing an off-kilter universe. Shady characters whisper of chupacabras loose in the desert. The exsanguinated corpses of strange beasts begin to turn up, some of them Stick’s close pals. At the center of it all lurks an enigmatic antagonist who, so they say, has harnessed the power of God in an ancient hot springs and is using it to herald doomsday.

Stick’s journey upends his stable life, shakes apart his fragile relationships, and sets him on a collision course with his family’s secret ancestry. Ultimately, as chupacabra-like monsters, Minutemen, and Good Friends head toward a final showdown, Stick must make a hard choice about his own identity and values.
Archaeopteryx (Finding Dinosaurs) (Focus Readers: Finding Dinosaurs: Navigator Level)
By Rebecca E. Hirsch

Focus Readers
Paperback (32 pages)

Archaeopteryx (Finding Dinosaurs) (Focus Readers: Finding Dinosaurs: Navigator Level)
List Price: $9.95*
Lowest New Price: $6.14*
Lowest Used Price: $6.98*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 01:54 Pacific 27 May 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
Explores what scientists have uncovered about Archaeopteryx. Colorful photos and illustrations help bring each dinosaur to life as easy-to-read text guides readers through important discoveries about its appearance, diet, and habitat.
ARCHAEOPTERYX: The Icon of Evolution
By Peter Wellnhofer

Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil
Released: 2009-09-01
Hardcover (208 pages)

ARCHAEOPTERYX: The Icon of Evolution
Lowest New Price: $58.72*
Lowest Used Price: $58.67*
Usually ships in 1-2 business days*
*(As of 01:54 Pacific 27 May 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
Dr. Wellnhofer is the world's authority on the 150-million-year-old Archaeopteryx and he has been so for over thirty years. He has published major studies on many specimens of Archaeopteryx, has curated exhibitions about the Urvogel, written popular accounts, lectured extensively, and participated in media-related interviews. Archaeopteryx is what I like to describe as a "paleontological Mona Lisa". Its priceless fossils - up to now ten skeletal specimens and a single feather imprint discovered during the last 145 years - have had a tremendous significance in our understanding of evolution, and their impact has gone way beyond science and into social grounds. Dr. Wellnhofer's book narrates the history of the discoveries of the individual specimens, and the stories behind them - those of the collectors, dealers, museum curators and scholars whose lives became entangled with these discoveries. It includes chapters of the world-famous Solnhofen lithographic limestone, covering aspects of its geology and special fossil preservation, and interpretations of the ancient environment inhabited by Archaeopteryx. The core of the book includes detailed descriptions and illustrations of each specimen. These and other chapters discuss the different interpretations regarding the size, growth and life history, plumage, physiology, and life style. Because Archaeopteryx has played a key role in discussions about the origin of birds and of their flight, the book also adresses the rise of birds - highlighting the evidence that supports the evolutionary connection between birds and the carnivorous theropod dinosaurs - and the controversial issue of the beginning of avian flight. The text is written for a general audience and is thoroughly supplemented by photographs, drawings, diagrams, and maps, and detailed notes and references. There has never been a book like this one and no one else could write it today.
Taking Wing : Archaeopteryx and the Evolution of Bird Flight
By Pat Shipman

Brand: Simon n Schuster
Hardcover (336 pages)

Taking Wing : Archaeopteryx and the Evolution of Bird Flight
List Price: $25.00*
Lowest New Price: $30.78*
Lowest Used Price: $1.10*
Usually ships in 1-2 business days*
*(As of 01:54 Pacific 27 May 2019 More Info)


Click Here
  • Used Book in Good Condition
Product Description:
Presents an examination of the scientific implications and continuing controversy over Archaeopteryx, a bird-reptile fossil discovered 130 years ago that many scientists believe offers tangible proof of Darwin's theory of evolution. 15,000 first printing.
Bones of Contention: The Archaeopteryx Scandals
By Paul Chambers

Brand: John Murray
Released: 2002-06-27
Hardcover (281 pages)

Bones of Contention: The Archaeopteryx Scandals
Lowest New Price: $29.98*
Lowest Used Price: $1.79*
Usually ships in 1-2 business days*
*(As of 01:54 Pacific 27 May 2019 More Info)


Click Here
  • Used Book in Good Condition
Product Description:
Just when the fuss over Darwin's Origin of Species was getting really heated, an extraordinary fossil was found in Germany. Apparently, half bird, half reptile, it was christened Archaeopteryx and hailed as the missing link which proved that species could change as Darwin had claimed. The reaction was furious and immediate and has remained so to the present day.;Since its discovery the Archaeopteryx has caused more trouble than any other scientific icon. It has been used not just to support dozens of differing views on evolution but to start feuds, destroy reputations, further personal ambition and promote nationalism.;Bones of Contention tells a story not just about a fossil but about the lengths to which people will go to prove themselves right. Sometimes the consequences are funny, often they are disastrous or tragic, but they are never dull. This is the first book to look not only at the life and times of Archaeopteryx but also at the chaotic scientific world into which it emerged.From Victorian bravado to modern-day media, the meaning and relevance of this humble fossil have changed continually with the times, holiding up a mirror to ideals of science, and attitudes to natural history and the material world. It offers a rare insight into the way scientists can really behave in public and behind closed doors.
Archaeopteryx and Other Flying Reptiles (Dinosaur Detectives)
By Tracey Kelly

Raintree
Released: 2019-07-11
Hardcover (24 pages)

Archaeopteryx and Other Flying Reptiles (Dinosaur Detectives)
Lowest New Price: $11.39*
Not yet published*
*(As of 01:54 Pacific 27 May 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
Be a dinosaur detective! Look at the fact files about flying reptiles such as Archaeopteryx, Eudimorphodon and Pterodactylus and find out what each one ate, what they weighed and where they lived.
Archaeopteryx (Exploring Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Creatures)
By Susan H. Gray

Core Learning Library
Released: 2014-01-01
Kindle Edition (32 pages)

Archaeopteryx (Exploring Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Creatures)
 
Product Description:
The earliest known bird, Archaeopteryx first appeared about 150 million years ago. Kids will be introduced to a creature that was no larger than a crow, but that proved remarkably important to scientists searching for answers about the ancient relatives of modern-day birds.
Archaeopteryx: The First Bird (Graphic Dinosaurs)
By Rob Shone

Brand: Powerkids Pr
Library Binding (32 pages)

Archaeopteryx: The First Bird (Graphic Dinosaurs)
List Price: $28.50*
Lowest New Price: $28.50*
Lowest Used Price: $28.50*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 01:54 Pacific 27 May 2019 More Info)


Click Here
  • Used Book in Good Condition
Product Description:
The name archaeopteryx means ancient wing. Believed to be an ancient ancestor of modern birds, the archaeopteryx lived 15 million years ago during the Jurassic Period. Though a relative of birds, archaeopteryx had many dinosaur-like features – a long bony tail, sharp teeth, and hand-like claws. This enchanting volume follows an archaeopteryx from its birth to maturity. Growing up was challenging for this reptile-bird, avoiding predators and competing for a mate are just some of the difficulties it encountered. This lively book combines an exciting story with fascinating facts.
Dinosaurs (Dover Coloring Books)
Dover
Released: 2005-07-27
Paperback (32 pages)

Dinosaurs (Dover Coloring Books)
List Price: $3.99*
Lowest New Price: $3.58*
Lowest Used Price: $1.25*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 01:54 Pacific 27 May 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
A herd of prehistoric creatures comes to life on the pages of this exciting coloring book. Inside, you'll find 30 large pictures of the long-necked Apatosaurus and the mighty tyrannosaurus, as well as the ankylosaurus, stegosaurus, triceratops, parasaurolophus, and 24 other awesome reptiles. Easy-to-read captions, along with the dinosaur's name and its phonetic spelling, accompany each picture.
A great way to become acquainted with dinosaurs, this exciting book will also teach you new words while you're having fun coloring.
A Jurassic Mystery: Archaeopteryx (Dinosaurs) (v. 2)
Brand: Abbeville Kids
Hardcover (64 pages)

A Jurassic Mystery: Archaeopteryx (Dinosaurs) (v. 2)
List Price: $15.95*
Lowest New Price: $14.29*
Lowest Used Price: $3.00*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 01:54 Pacific 27 May 2019 More Info)


Click Here
  • Used Book in Good Condition
Product Description:
The second volume in a series of six comic-book adventures that bring the dinosaurs back to life.

A Jurassic Mystery, the second title in Abbeville's Dinosaurs series, features over 60 pages in full color. It is a paleontological whodunit set in the late Jurassic period, 150 million years ago, at a place that now lies in Germany. It investigates the suspicious death of an archaeopteryx, an early species of bird descended from the dinosaurs.

In Abbeville’s Dinosaurs series, a talented artist and a noted paleontologist have teamed up to re-create the vanished world of the dinosaurs for young readers. Each volume in the series tells the story, in comic-book form, of a different dinosaur living in its particular geological time and place. The narrative is entertaining, while all the details of the dinosaur’s behavior and its encounters with other species are rendered with scientific accuracy. At the back of each volume, meanwhile, are several short essays, abundantly illustrated with original drawings and photographs of fossils, that explain more about the creatures and geographical settings encountered in the comic.


Discuss This Page


Please feel free to post your comments:



Linking to This Page


We do hope that you find this site useful. We welcome people linking to this website or citing us.

The URL of this web page, is:


If you want to link to this web page from your own web site, you can use the following HTML code:


You are also very welcome to tell your friends about us on Facebook:
24 Hour Science Projects


 
 










































     
 
DinosaurJungle.com is
Copyright © 2006-2019, Answers 2000 Limited

CERTAIN CONTENT THAT APPEARS ON THIS SITE COMES FROM AMAZON SERVICES LLC. THIS CONTENT IS PROVIDED 'AS IS' AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE OR REMOVAL AT ANY TIME.
CERTAIN CONTENT THAT APPEARS ON THIS SITE,COMES FROM AMAZON EU S. r.l. THIS CONTENT IS PROVIDED 'AS IS' AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE OR REMOVAL AT ANY TIME.


In Association With Amazon.com
Answers 2000 Limited is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.
In Association With Amazon.co.uk
Answers 2000 Limited is a participant in the Amazon EU Associates Programme, an affiliate advertising programme designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.co.uk.
As an Amazon Associate, our company earns from qualifying purchases. Amazon, the Amazon logo, Endless, and the Endless logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates.

Disclosure: Our company's websites' content (including this website's content) includes advertisements for our own company's websites, products, and services, and for other organization's websites, products, and services. In the case of links to other organization's websites, our company may receive a payment, (1) if you purchase products or services, or (2) if you sign-up for third party offers, after following links from this website. Unless specifically otherwise stated, information about other organization's products and services, is based on information provided by that organization, the product/service vendor, and/or publicly available information - and should not be taken to mean that we have used the product/service in question. Additionally, our company's websites contain some adverts which we are paid to display, but whose content is not selected by us, such as Google AdSense ads. For more detailed information, please see Advertising/Endorsements Disclosures

Our sites use cookies, some of which may already be set on your computer. Use of our site constitutes consent for this. For details, please see Privacy.

Click privacy for information about our company's privacy, data collection and data retention policies, and your rights.

Contact Us   Privacy   Terms Of Use   Advertising/Endorsements Disclosures