Archaeopteryx, one of the first birds - an intermediate between dinosaurs and birds?

Dinosaur Jungle



Dinosaur Books



Dinosaur Clothing



Dinosaur Crosswords



Dinosaur Facts
   Amazing Dinosaurs
   Classification
      Ornithischia
         Ankylosaurs
         Ceratopsians
         Marginocephalia
         Ornithopods
         Pachycephalosaurs
         Stegosaurs
      Saurischia
         Prosauropods
         Sauropods
         Theropods
   Definition
   Diet
   Eggs
   Extinction
   Family Tree
   Fossils
         Footprints
   Life Span
   Living Dinosaurs?
   Myths
   Timeline
      Triassic Period
      Jurassic Period
      Cretaceous Period
   World
      African Dinosaurs
      Antarctic Dinosaurs
      Asian Dinosaurs
      Australian Dinosaurs
      European Dinosaurs
      Indian Dinosaurs
      N. American Dinosaurs
      S. American Dinosaurs



Dinosaur Fun



Dinosaur Games



Dinosaur Jokes



Dinosaur Museums
   Australia Dinosaur Museums
   Canada Dinosaur Museums
   UK Dinosaur Museums
   USA Dinosaur Museums



Dinosaur Names



Dinosaur Pictures



Dinosaur Scientists
   Charles Darwin
   Mary Anning
   Sir Richard Owen
   More Dinosaur Scientists



Dinosaur Software



Dinosaur Types
   Allosaurus
   Ankylosaurus
   Apatosaurus
   Baryonyx
   Brachiosaurus
   Centrosaurus
   Ceratosaurus
   Coelophysis
   Deinonychus
   Dilophosaurus
   Diplodocus
   Euoplocephalus
   Iguanodon
   Kentrosaurus
   Lambeosaurus
   Maiasaura
   Megalosaurus
   Microraptor
   Monoclonius
   Pachycephalosaurus
   Parasaurolophus
   Pentaceratops
   Protoceratops
   Saltopus
   Saurolophus
   Seismosaurus
   Spinosaurus
   Stegosaurus
   Styracosaurus
   Supersaurus
   Triceratops
   Tyrannosaurus Rex
   Velociraptor
   More Dinosaur Types



Dinosaur Toys



Dinosaur Video Games



Dinosaur Videos



Dinosaur Word Search



Other Prehistoric Animals
   Aetosaurs
   Ambulocetus
   Ammonites
   Andrewsarchus
   Archaeopteryx
   Basilosaurus
   Belemnites
   Brontotheres
   Chalicotheres
   Champsosaurs
   Coelacanth
   Cynodonts
   Dicynodonts
   Dimetrodon
   Gastornis
   Glyptodonts
   Gorgonopsians
   Hesperornis
   Hyracotherium
   Ichthyosaurs
   Mammal-like Reptiles
   Mammoths
   Mastodons
   Megaloceros
   Megalodon
   Meganeura Monyi
   Megatherium
   Mosasaurs
   Moschops
   Pakicetus
   Paraceratherium
   Phorusrhacids
   Placoderms
   Plesiosaurs
   Pliosaurs
   Pterosaurs
   Sea Scorpions
   Smilodon
   Spiny Sharks
   Tiktaalik
   Titanoboa
   Trilobites
   More Prehistoric Animals





Dinosaur Links
   Dinosaur Coloring
   Dinosaur Hangman
   Dinosaurs News
   Dinosaurs Parks

Education - Math Downloads
   Fun With Figures
   Making Math More Fun
   Math Bingo
   Math Riddle Book
   Download Math eBooks

Education - Reading Downloads
   Child Learning Reading
   Dolch Sight Words
   Phonics Bingo
   Robot Reading Games
   Sight Word Bingo

Education - Science Downloads
   24 Hour Science Projects
   Super Science Fair Projects
   Download Science eBooks


 
   
Dinosaur Jungle   >   Other Prehistoric Animals   >   Archaeopteryx

Archaeopteryx



Archaeopteryx
Click here for more Archaeopteryx Pictures

Scientific Classification
  Kingdom Animalia
  Phylum Chordata
  Class Aves
  Order Archaeopterygiformes
  Family Archaeopterygidae
  Genus Archaeopteryx
Archaeopteryx is the earliest and most primitive bird currently definitely known (Protoavis has been claimed as an earlier bird, however many scientists dispute this). The name "Archaeopteryx" (which, as is often the case, is derived from Ancient Greek) means "ancient wing", although it is sometimes also known by the German name of "Urvogel" which means "first bird".

Archaeopteryx lived in the Jurassic period between approximately 150 million and 145 million years ago. fossils of the animal have been found in what is today southern Germany, but was at the time an archipelago of islands in a warm tropical sea.

Many scientists believe that Archaeopteryx is a transitional fossil between birds and dinosaurs, and its discovery has contributed greatly to the debate about evolution. The first complete specimen of Archaeopteryx was discovered in 1861, just two years after Charles Darwin published "On the Origin of Species by Natural Selection", and seemed to be a spectacular confirmation of his ideas. In particular, the idea that birds were descended from Theropod dinosaurs, was proposed by T. H. Huxley in 1868.

Archaeopteryx fossil
Archaeopteryx seems to have grown to a maximum of about 1 foot 8 inches (50 centimeters) in length, about the size of a medium-sized modern bird. It seems to have definitely had feathers (see below) as well as some other avian features (including a wishbone and a partially reversed first toe), a larger brain than most dinosaurs (again more like birds), but Archaeopteryx also retained several features similar to Theropod dinosaurs. Dinosaur-like features included its small teeth and a long bony tail.

To date, less than a dozen specimens of Archaeopteryx have been found, and many of these fossils appear to include evidence of feathers. Noteably, Archaeopteryx has flight feathers, so it is thought likely that these may have evolved from simpler feathers in its as yet undiscovered ancestors. Over the years, there have been a number of controversies and debates relating to Archaeopteryx, including whether it should be classified as a bird at all, and how it relates to modern birds (currently, many scientists believe that Archaeopteryx is a close relative of the ancestor of modern birds, rather than the direct ancestor).

One of the key points of scientific interest in Archaeopteryx is what it can teach us about the evolution of flying in birds. One theory is that flight evolved from fast-running after insects and other small prey such as small lizards (an idea first proposed by Samuel Wendell Williston). The main alternative theory is that flight began by jumping or gliding down from trees (this theory was first proposed by Othniel C. Marsh). Although it seems pretty clear that Archaeopteryx could fly, it is not entirely clear which of these two theories it provides evidence for - Archaeopteryx does not seem particularly well-suited for either running or for perching in trees. We do know however that there were few in the local environment at the Archaeopteryx was alive, although it is of course possible that Archaeopteryx simply used shrubs, cliffs, and whatever trees were available.

Archaeopteryx Timeline:



Archaeopteryx was an early bird with many dinosaur-like features that lived between 150 and 145 million years ago

Archaeopteryx was an early bird with many dinosaur-like features that lived between 150 and 145 million years ago


Related Information & Resources


See Also

Archaeopteryx Books


Here are some books from Amazon.com:

Disclosure: Products details and descriptions provided by Amazon.com. Our company may receive a payment if you purchase products from them after following a link from this website.

Dinosaurs: The Myth-Busting Guide to Prehistoric Beasts (Happy Fox Books) Discover the Science of What Dinosaurs Were Really Like (Not the Movie Versions); In-Depth Articles & Stunning Illustrations
By BBC Focus

Happy Fox Books
Released: 2019-08-12
Hardcover (96 pages)

Dinosaurs: The Myth-Busting Guide to Prehistoric Beasts (Happy Fox Books) Discover the Science of What Dinosaurs Were Really Like (Not the Movie Versions); In-Depth Articles & Stunning Illustrations
List Price: $14.99*
Lowest New Price: $10.99*
Lowest Used Price: $11.46*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 19:38 Pacific 18 Sep 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:

Discover what dinosaurs were REALLY like in this myth-busting book!

  • In-depth articles and stunning color illustrations
  • How dinosaurs really lived, what they looked like, and how they sounded
  • Go beyond the Hollywood myths for a dramatically different perspective based on the latest scientific research
  • Expert paleontologists provide insight on your favorite dinos and how we learn about them from the fossils they left behind

In this fun and fascinating book, you'll find out how the real dinosaurs lived their lives, what they looked like, how they sounded, and how we know all that!

While popular Hollywood movies have given us a simplistic view of these magnificent creatures, the latest scientific research is changing our assumptions and providing a far different perspective. Rather than being slow, lumbering, and a bit stupid, dinosaurs were smart and nimble-brained—just ask the paleontologists who are peering deep inside the fossilized skulls of these prehistoric animals.

Both kids and adults who are fascinated by dinosaurs will learn how these prehistoric beasts conquered the world, what would have happened if the asteroid hadn't hit Mexico, where the most fossils have been found, what T. rex really looked (and sounded) like, and the modern-day dinosaurs living in your backyard! Experts even weigh in on how we might build our own "Jurassic World" using the latest science.

Loaded with in-depth articles and beautiful color illustrations, including stunning two-page spreads of favorite species, Dinosaurs: The Myth-Busting Guide to Prehistoric Beasts is your ultimate guide to the latest dinosaur research!

Learn all about your favorite dinos:

  • Tyrannosaurus rex
  • Archaeopteryx
  • Triceratops
  • Velociraptor
  • Brachiosaurus
  • Stegosaurus
  • ...and more!

"Packed with facts and illustrations on the latest finds and theories for dinosaur enthusiasts of all ages."
—Mike Fredericks, Editor, Prehistoric Times magazine

Giants of the Lost World: Dinosaurs and Other Extinct Monsters of South America
By Donald R. Prothero

Smithsonian Books
Released: 2016-10-04
Hardcover (192 pages)

Giants of the Lost World: Dinosaurs and Other Extinct Monsters of South America
List Price: $27.95*
Lowest New Price: $8.91*
Lowest Used Price: $10.55*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 19:38 Pacific 18 Sep 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
More than a hundred years ago, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle wrote a novel called The Lost World with the exciting premise that dinosaurs and other prehistoric beasts still ruled in South America. Little did Conan Doyle know, there were terrifying monsters in South America--they just happened to be extinct. In fact, South America has an incredible history as a land where many strange creatures evolved and died out. In his book Giants of the Lost World: Dinosaurs and Other Extinct Monsters of South America, Donald R. Prothero uncovers the real science and history behind this fascinating story. The largest animal ever discovered was the huge sauropod dinosaur Argentinosaurus, which was about 130 feet long and weighed up to 100 tons. The carnivorous predator Giganotosaurus weighed in at more than 8 tons and measured more than 47 feet long, dwarfing the T. rex in comparison. Gigantic anacondas broke reptile records; possums evolved into huge saber-toothed predators; and ground sloths grew larger than elephants in this strange, unknown land. Prothero presents the scientific details about each of these prehistoric beasts, provides a picture of the ancient landscapes they once roamed, and includes the stories of the individuals who first discovered their fossils for a captivating account of a lost world that is stranger than fiction.
Archaeopteryx (The Albuquerque Trilogy Book 1)
By Dan Darling

Curiosity Quills Press
Released: 2017-11-29
Kindle Edition (415 pages)

Archaeopteryx (The Albuquerque Trilogy Book 1)
 
Product Description:
John Stick, zoo keeper and giant, just wants to sit alone in a dark room with his pet tarantula. However, when ten thousand birds fall dead from the New Mexican sky, the woman he loves, an ornithologist with severe facial deformity, begs him to decipher the cause. He grudgingly agrees, a decision that plunges him into a tangle of weirdness as old as the American Southwest.

Stick’s investigation reveals that the birds’ mass death is an offshoot of a much larger conflict. On one side, the Good Friends, an underground railroad for undocumented immigrants, wants Stick to oust the man they believe responsible for killing the birds and persecuting immigrants. This same man leads The Minutemen Militia, which covets Stick’s expertise in handling their genetically mutated immigrant-tracking monsters. Meanwhile, a beautiful animal theologian tries to seduce Stick into believing his existence is key to balancing an off-kilter universe. Shady characters whisper of chupacabras loose in the desert. The exsanguinated corpses of strange beasts begin to turn up, some of them Stick’s close pals. At the center of it all lurks an enigmatic antagonist who, so they say, has harnessed the power of God in an ancient hot springs and is using it to herald doomsday.

Stick’s journey upends his stable life, shakes apart his fragile relationships, and sets him on a collision course with his family’s secret ancestry. Ultimately, as chupacabra-like monsters, Minutemen, and Good Friends head toward a final showdown, Stick must make a hard choice about his own identity and values.
Dino Domino
Laurence King Publishing
Released: 2019-02-05
Game

Dino Domino
List Price: $14.99*
Lowest New Price: $8.12*
Lowest Used Price: $5.99*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 19:38 Pacific 18 Sep 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
This game is for two to four players and contains 28 cute and colorful dino dominoes. Have fun matching seven prehistoric critters. Be the first to play your last domino to win the game and become T-rex!

The dominoes come in an attractive sliding box with cute, quirky illustrations by Caroline Selmes.
Dinosaurs! (Explorer)
By Nick Forshaw

What on Earth Publishing
Released: 2018-04-16
Hardcover (46 pages)

Dinosaurs! (Explorer)
List Price: $14.95*
Lowest New Price: $4.99*
Lowest Used Price: $4.47*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 19:38 Pacific 18 Sep 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
Dig deep into the fascinating world of dinosaurs with the first book in the What on Earth? Explorer series, complete with a six-foot-long fold-out timeline. Join explorer Agent Eagle as he explores these amazing creatures - from the earliest dinosaur fossil discoveries, to the relationship between birds and dinosaurs. Discover the history of the dinosaur, in each major era, emphasizing how dinosaur bodies and diets adapted over time. Learn about the best places to find fossils, who are the great dinosaur explorers and scientists, and ultimately, what killed off the dinosaurs. A quiz, name game, and glossary lead you to the book’s biggest feature – a fold-out timeline featuring 100 of the most incredible dinosaurs that ever lived – from their first appearance 230 million years ago, to their current living descendants. Full of facts and bursting with illustrations, Explorer: Dinosaurs! Is a unique book for any dinosaur buff.

Explorer: Dinosaurs won a Parents' Choice Silver Honor Award and was a finalist in the 2018 International Book Awards Young Adult Non-Fiction category.

Darwin's Fossils: The Collection That Shaped the Theory of Evolution
By Adrian Lister

Smithsonian Books
Released: 2018-04-24
Paperback (160 pages)

Darwin s Fossils: The Collection That Shaped the Theory of Evolution
List Price: $19.95*
Lowest New Price: $13.56*
Lowest Used Price: $8.83*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 19:38 Pacific 18 Sep 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
Reveals how Darwin's study of fossils shaped his scientific thinking and led to his development of the theory of evolution.

Darwin's Fossils is an accessible account of Darwin's pioneering work on fossils, his adventures in South America, and his relationship with the scientific establishment.

While Darwin's research on Galápagos finches is celebrated, his work on fossils is less well known. Yet he was the first to collect the remains of giant extinct South American mammals; he worked out how coral reefs and atolls formed; he excavated and explained marine fossils high in the Andes; and he discovered a fossil forest that now bears his name. All of this research was fundamental in leading Darwin to develop his revolutionary theory of evolution.

This richly illustrated book brings Darwin's fossils, many of which survive in museums and institutions around the world, together for the first time. Including new photography of many of the fossils--which in recent years have enjoyed a surge of scientific interest--as well as superb line drawings produced in the nineteenth century and newly commissioned artists' reconstructions of the extinct animals as they are understood today, Darwin's Fossils reveals how Darwin's discoveries played a crucial role in the development of his groundbreaking ideas.
Sword Quest (Swordbird)
By Nancy Yi Fan

HarperCollins
Released: 2008-01-22
Library Binding (288 pages)

Sword Quest (Swordbird)
List Price: $16.89*
Lowest New Price: $680.29*
Lowest Used Price: $4.08*
*(As of 19:38 Pacific 18 Sep 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:

Wind-voice the half-dove, formerly enslaved, is now free, and Maldeor, the one-winged archaeopteryx, hungers for supreme power.

Can Wind-voice and his valiant companions—Ewingerale, the wood-pecker scribe; Stormac, the myna warrior; and Fleydur, the musician eagle—save the future of their world?

An exciting prequel to the New York Times bestseller Swordbird.

Dinosaurs (Dover Coloring Books)
Dover
Released: 2005-07-27
Paperback (32 pages)

Dinosaurs (Dover Coloring Books)
List Price: $3.99*
Lowest New Price: $3.09*
Lowest Used Price: $1.25*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 19:38 Pacific 18 Sep 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
A herd of prehistoric creatures comes to life on the pages of this exciting coloring book. Inside, you'll find 30 large pictures of the long-necked Apatosaurus and the mighty tyrannosaurus, as well as the ankylosaurus, stegosaurus, triceratops, parasaurolophus, and 24 other awesome reptiles. Easy-to-read captions, along with the dinosaur's name and its phonetic spelling, accompany each picture.
A great way to become acquainted with dinosaurs, this exciting book will also teach you new words while you're having fun coloring.
Dinosaur ABC Coloring Book (Dover Coloring Books)
By Llyn Hunter

Dover Publications
Released: 1988-10-01
Paperback (32 pages)

Dinosaur ABC Coloring Book (Dover Coloring Books)
List Price: $3.99*
Lowest New Price: $2.50*
Lowest Used Price: $1.75*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 19:38 Pacific 18 Sep 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
Here's a moderately priced coloring book that comes with an entertaining (as well as educational) twist!
Illustrator Llyn Hunter has dramatically rendered — in alphabetical order — 28 prehistoric beasts as they might have appeared in their natural habitats millions of years ago. Extensive notes contain fascinating background information on the mighty Apatosaurus, the herbivorous Brachiosaurus, the "helmeted" Corythosaurus, and other Mesozoic creatures.
Young amateur paleontologists are provided with a list of sources for further reading, plus helpful suggestions for coloring the drawings.

Little Dinosaur ABC Coloring Book (Dover Little Activity Books)
By Winky Adam

Dover
Released: 1998-06-15
Paperback (64 pages)

Little Dinosaur ABC Coloring Book (Dover Little Activity Books)
List Price: $2.50*
Lowest New Price: $1.09*
Lowest Used Price: $1.99*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 19:38 Pacific 18 Sep 2019 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
An awesome array of long-extinct animals returns from the Age of Reptiles to introduce the alphabet. This little coloring book features 26 illustrations — one for each letter. The fun begins with the long-necked Apatosaurus and Brachiosaurus, advancing to the spotted Compsognathus, meat-eating Deinonychus, and other dynamic dinosaurs.


Discuss This Page


Please feel free to post your comments:



Linking to This Page


We do hope that you find this site useful. We welcome people linking to this website or citing us.

The URL of this web page, is:


If you want to link to this web page from your own web site, you can use the following HTML code:


You are also very welcome to tell your friends about us on Facebook:
Making Math More Fun - Math Games Package


 
 










































     
 
DinosaurJungle.com is
Copyright © 2006-2019, Answers 2000 Limited

CERTAIN CONTENT THAT APPEARS ON THIS SITE COMES FROM AMAZON SERVICES LLC. THIS CONTENT IS PROVIDED 'AS IS' AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE OR REMOVAL AT ANY TIME.
CERTAIN CONTENT THAT APPEARS ON THIS SITE,COMES FROM AMAZON EU S. r.l. THIS CONTENT IS PROVIDED 'AS IS' AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE OR REMOVAL AT ANY TIME.


In Association With Amazon.com
Answers 2000 Limited is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.
In Association With Amazon.co.uk
Answers 2000 Limited is a participant in the Amazon EU Associates Programme, an affiliate advertising programme designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.co.uk.
As an Amazon Associate, our company earns from qualifying purchases. Amazon, the Amazon logo, Endless, and the Endless logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates.

Disclosure: Our company's websites' content (including this website's content) includes advertisements for our own company's websites, products, and services, and for other organization's websites, products, and services. In the case of links to other organization's websites, our company may receive a payment, (1) if you purchase products or services, or (2) if you sign-up for third party offers, after following links from this website. Unless specifically otherwise stated, information about other organization's products and services, is based on information provided by that organization, the product/service vendor, and/or publicly available information - and should not be taken to mean that we have used the product/service in question. Additionally, our company's websites contain some adverts which we are paid to display, but whose content is not selected by us, such as Google AdSense ads. For more detailed information, please see Advertising/Endorsements Disclosures

Our sites use cookies, some of which may already be set on your computer. Use of our site constitutes consent for this. For details, please see Privacy.

Click privacy for information about our company's privacy, data collection and data retention policies, and your rights.

Contact Us   Privacy   Terms Of Use   Advertising/Endorsements Disclosures